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Thomas Robb

also apparent, as the EEC refused to cede to American demands that a higher degree of linkage between economic and political matters should be implemented. When the EEC sought a separate policy initiative towards the Arab–Israeli conflict which directly contradicted US policy at the end of 1973, it was with some justification that US policy-makers lamented the expansion of the EEC. It was Kissinger’s ‘Year of Europe’, however, that sparked considerable US– UK disagreement. The ‘Year of Europe’ initially illustrated procedural problems for US–UK interaction now that

in A strained partnership?
Thomas Robb

East had often clashed since the beginning of the Cold War. With Heath coming to office this only continued, and his ambition of resolving the Arab–Israeli conflict caused further US–UK disagreement. Heath had signalled his intention to find a resolution to the Arab–Israeli conflict soon after assuming office and this solution, as Douglas-Home publicly declared in October 1970 during a speech at Harrogate, would be based on the general contours of UN Resolution 242. Briefly summarised, this meant that Israel would have to surrender the land it had occupied following

in A strained partnership?
Thomas Robb

naturally presume that Rogers would have had a major role to play in US foreign policy-making but in reality he had limited influence upon significant aspects of US foreign policy. The institutional changes to the Washington bureaucracy ensured that the State Department’s influence was curtailed, and Nixon’s disdain for the department meant he had little time for it anyhow. As such, Rogers’ main area of concern was with trying to resolve the Arab–Israeli conflict. Even this had only been given to Rogers largely because of Nixon’s belief that Kissinger’s Jewish background

in A strained partnership?
Open Access (free)
Thomas Robb

brings Greece and Turkey into military confrontation unhinging NATO’s southern flank; because Cyprus’s crises are invariably raised in the Security Council; and because such crises have the potential to complicate our evolving relations with the Soviets and affect the atmosphere in which the United States and the Soviet Union deal with the Arab/Israeli conflict.61 A second WSAG was convened on 16 July 1974 and again – despite the uncertainty regarding the details of the coup – the clear consensus was that the US had to prevent Soviet intervention.62 The British idea

in A strained partnership?