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Constructing security in historical perspective
Jonathan B. Isacoff

and why this is the case, the chapter examines the specific discourses of security employed by opposing political groups during key periods in the history of the Arab–Israeli conflict. Turning to the Israeli case, it is striking how little the State of Israel in 2001 resembles the nascent state declared during May of 1948. Most of the goals of the first generation of state-builders – territorial

in Redefining security in the Middle East
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Redefining security in the Middle East
Tami Amanda Jacoby and Brent E. Sasley

negotiations in the 1990s resulted from a series of international pressures and realignments. Along with the intifada , popular opinion in other Middle Eastern societies expressed an increasing dissatisfaction with the human cost of militarized conflict. The Madrid Peace Conference in 1991 was the first instance in which parties to the Arab–Israeli conflict engaged in direct

in Redefining security in the Middle East
Tami Amanda Jacoby

and of transforming the Jewish national character from a persecuted minority in the diaspora into a sovereign and independent majority in Palestine. The army was given a special role in the transformation of both the Israeli citizen and Israeli society ( Almog, 1993 ), and the process of state development. Over the years, the protracted Arab–Israeli conflict has effectively positioned the state and

in Redefining security in the Middle East
Brent E. Sasley

societal (and social) security and political rights were generally either ignored by Arab regimes or, more commonly, placated by focusing on external adventures or foreign policy goals, thus deflecting attention from the regimes’ failures to achieve economic, social and political expectations. The Arab–Israeli conflict, in particular, was a ‘stopgap, legitimacy-rich mechanism’ ( Sela, 1998 : 27), but other

in Redefining security in the Middle East
Water scarcity, the 1980s’ Palestinian uprising and implications for peace
Jeffrey Sosland

so well worth fighting for. Moreover, water scarcity issues inevitably become co-mingled with other factors and so may play a significant role in heightening tensions among feuding parties. Some of the most enduring conflicts in the international arena, including the Arab–Israeli conflict, the India–Pakistan dispute and the Syrian–Turkish conflict, to name only a few, have all involved serious

in Redefining security in the Middle East
A dialogue with Islam as a pattern of conflict resolution and a security approach vis-à-vis Islamism
Bassam Tibi

movement. In moving from the case of Islamism in the Maghreb to the entire Middle Eastern regional state subsystem, which represents the arena of the ArabIsraeli conflict, 29 the search is for peaceful conflict resolution, which goes beyond the states. At issue is the rise of Islamism as a new political opposition. The foremost goal of Islamism is to establish a new political order described as an Islamic

in Redefining security in the Middle East
A veiled threat
Thomas J. Butko

observed in the round of violence and instability gripping the Middle East since September 2000 to the time of writing. While Hamas faces an uncertain future, as long as peace continues to elude the two principal parties of the Arab–Israeli conflict, it will remain a legitimate threat to the entire peace process and a necessary ‘evil’ that both the Israelis and the Palestinian Authority will be forced to

in Redefining security in the Middle East