human subject. As the Caribbean scholar C.L.R. James tellingly argued in his 1938 work, Black Jacobins could make a claim in the name of liberté , égalité and fraternité , but slavery was to remain central to the political economy of post-revolutionary France.
More powerfully still, Paul Gilroy ( 1993 ) in his landmark postcolonial work The BlackAtlantic argues powerfully that Hegel’s master–slave dialectic should be inverted. Euro-American modernity, for Gilroy, should be viewed through lenses of the gendered subjectivities of the slave, deconstructing the