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Was he more than just ‘Dr Took’?
Jonathan R. Trigg

11 Re-examining the contribution of Dr Robert Toope to knowledge in later seventeenth-century Britain: was he more than just ‘Dr Took’? Jonathan R. Trigg Had made dead skulls for coin the chymist’s share, The female corpse the surgeos purchas’d ware…1 This chapter presents a reflection on, and assessment of, the life, career and work of the little-studied seventeenth-century physician and ‘Renaissance man’ Robert Toope. He is currently, perhaps, chiefly known for his correspondence on wide-ranging, eclectic, subjects with the likes of fellow antiquarian John

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology

The dynamic processes of knowledge production in archaeology and elsewhere in the humanities and social sciences are increasingly viewed within the context of negotiation, cooperation and exchange, as the collaborative effort of groups, clusters and communities of scholars. Shifting focus from the individual scholar to the wider social contexts of her work, this volume investigates the importance of informal networks and conversation in the creation of knowledge about the past, and takes a closer look at the dynamic interaction and exchange that takes place between individuals, groups and clusters of scholars in the wider social settings of scientific work. Various aspects of and mechanisms at work behind the interaction and exchange that takes place between the individual scholar and her community, and the creative processes that such encounters trigger, are critically examined in eleven chapters which draw on a wide spectrum of examples from Europe and North America: from early modern antiquarians to archaeological societies and practitioners at work during the formative years of the modern archaeological disciplines and more recent examples from the twentieth century. The individual chapters engage with theoretical approaches to scientific creativity, knowledge production and interaction such as sociology and geographies of science, and actor-network theory (ANT) in their examination of individual–collective interplay. The book caters to readers both from within and outside the archaeological disciplines; primarily intended for researchers, teachers and students in archaeology, anthropology, classics and the history of science, it will also be of interest to the general reader.

James Breasted’s early scientific network
Kathleen Sheppard

scholarly meetings. In Egyptology, knowledge is created, discussed, and refined in every space from the university or museum office in a disciplinary center out to the unceremonious field site and back. In early Egyptology, network hubs tended to be in metropolitan cities all over the world. Societies like the Egypt Exploration Fund (now Society, in London), institutions such as the Cairo Museum, British Museum (London), the Oriental Institute (Chicago), Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), the Louvre (Paris), the Museo Egizio (Turin), and the Berlin Museum were all

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Open Access (free)
Antonín Salač and the French School at Athens
Thea De Armond

5 A romance and a tragedy: Antonín Salač and the French School at Athens Thea De Armond Defined, in culture-historical fashion, as the regions occupied by the ancient Greeks and Romans, the ‘Classical world’ once spanned much of Europe and parts of Asia and Africa.1 The study of the Classical world – in particular, its archaeology – has been somewhat more limited in geographical scope, or rather, its most prominent forebears tend to hail from only a few places, namely Germany, Great Britain, France and, perhaps, the United States of America (see Dyson, 2006

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Felix Kanitz and Balkan archaeology
Vladimir V. Mihajlović

9781526134554 PRINT.indd 192 03/12/2019 08:56 Frontier gentlemen’s club193 from Serbia’s northern neighbour – the Austrian, that is – from 1867 – Austro-Hungarian Empire. At the same time, the ruling circles of the great Habsburg Empire were also dealing with the Eastern Question posed by the ‘sick man of Europe’: the Sublime Porte’s problems maintaining political control over the Balkans (Anderson, 1966; Bridge, 2002; Sowards, 2004, 209–29). From the end of the eighteenth century onwards, Europe’s Great Powers (Britain, Prussia, Russia and Austria) were trying to solve

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
The permeable clusters of Hanna Rydh
Elisabeth Arwill-Nordbladh

for Hanna Rydh’s articles (1929a, 1931). The scholarship gave Hanna funding for six months’ studies in France, with the formal position of attachée at the museum and Hubert as her supervisor. The decision about the scholarship was made in July. A few months earlier, Hanna’s and Bror’s oldest son was born. This caused some worries for the London-based scholarship committee, the British Federation of University Women, who sent a telegram asking if she intended to keep her grant. ‘The committee clearly felt torn between anxiety over the child and concern for Mrs Rydh

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Open Access (free)
Clusters of knowledge
Julia Roberts and Kathleen Sheppard

practises archaeology as well as their methods and theories. Examinations of fieldwork practice (Lucas, 2001), including fringe archaeology in Britain before the Second World War (Stout, 2008), broaden the picture of how archaeology was performed in the field. Moreover, there has been a move away from the assumption that ‘archaeology’ means solely European prehistory (Hall, 2000; Mizoguchi, 2011). Histories of historical archaeology are appearing and the history of Classical archaeology has been gathering steady momentum (Schnapp, 1996, 2002; Gran-Aymerich, 1998, 2001

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Interactional strategies in late-nineteenth-century Classical archaeology: the case of Adolf Furtwängler
Ulf R. Hansson

Furtwängler, among them Conze and Kekulé. But resistance in Berlin was more widespread than that. The British archaeologist John Marshall, who visited Berlin in 1894, reported in a letter to his partner Edward Perry Warren that ‘they hate Furtwängler very much here’ (quoted in Burdett and Goddard, 1941: 187). ROBERTS 9781526134554 PRINT.indd 140 03/12/2019 08:56 ‘More feared than loved’141 And here is where resentment and frustration come to interfere with Furtwängler’s scholarship and interactional strategies vis-à-vis the scholarly community. The deliberately

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology