these programmes. The medical civil service headed by the Ministry and the Scottish Office began to centralise immunisation policy further than it had done in previous decades. They did so within a global network of knowledge, coloured by the decline of the BritishEmpire and the United Kingdom's new role in the international community. Britain's national interests therefore extended beyond the immediate medical and public health debates.
Through a series of examples, this chapter explores how concerns over the nation were expressed. First, two outbreaks in England