Mass graves in post-war Malaysia
Frances Tay

have been excavated  – have sparked social and political debates.4 In marked contrast, the response of the Malaysian general public has been largely muted, except in cases where the reinterment of remains has threatened state-sponsored dominant narratives. The reasons for this seeming ambivalence are manifold. In the first instance, the main ethnic groups in the territory – comprising indigenous Malay and migrant Chinese and Indian minorities – experienced the occupation differently. As such, there is no shared collective memory that 222   Frances Tay can be

in Human remains and identification
Open Access (free)
The tales destruction tells
Élisabeth Anstett and Jean-Marc Dreyfus

sometimes played a part in the process of annihilation, this has not always, or everywhere, been the case, as the Rwandan genocide demonstrates. The industrialization of the destruction process can even be seen as an exception. The different ways in which bodies have been destroyed also raise the question of what happens to human remains. Bones, skulls, hair, and skin are sometimes put on display, as in Buchenwald or during the great famine in China, or simply left out in the open air, as was sometimes the case in post-Soviet Russia or in Cambodia.8 Exhibited, they can be

in Destruction and human remains
Open Access (free)
Corpses and mass violence: an inventory of the unthinkable
Élisabeth Anstett and Jean-Marc Dreyfus

, massacres which continually widen our notions of these human catastrophes. Asia, for instance, has been scarred not only by the Great Chinese Famine, which, according to some estimates, claimed up to 40 million victims during the policy of the ‘Great Leap Forward’,5 but also by the Cambodian genocide, which resulted in 1.5 million deaths between 1975 and 1979,6 along with the mass violence committed in Indonesia under the Suharto regime, which has to be considered in terms of both its political and its ethnic character.7 HRMV.indb 1 01/09/2014 17:28:32 2  Élisabeth

in Human remains and mass violence
The violent pursuit of cultural sovereignty during authoritarian rule in Argentina
Antonius C.G.M. Robben

-dead 155 Lavalle cemetery and discovered, by examining the skeletal lesions, that they had fallen onto a water surface from a great height before washing ashore (EAAF 2006: 18). Recoverable ESMA captives were enrolled in a rehabilitation programme. This programme resembled the thought-reform programmes of communist China, which Lifton described as an alternation between assault and leniency, and the demand of confession and re-education. ‘The physical and emotional assaults bring about the symbolic death; leniency and the developing confession are the bridge between

in Governing the dead
Open Access (free)
Pollution, contamination and the neglected dead in post-war Saigon
Christophe Robert

overflowing: Buddhist graves and Christian graves; graves of Vietnamese and ethnic Chinese; graves of poor people; graves of soldiers of the old regime, who died in vain for the defunct Republic of Vietnam, which disappeared when Saigon was liberated in April 1975 (or fell, according to American terminology). Many dead rest here, but their spirits are restless and disturbed these days. People say that the Binh Hung Hoa cemeteries are the oldest in the city. On late nineteenth-century French colonial maps these graveyard sites were recorded on the far northwestern margins of

in Governing the dead
Open Access (free)
Borders, ticking clocks and timelessness among temporary labour migrants in Israel
Robin A. Harper and Hani Zubida

of their cases, while about 620 have been provided a means to permanent residency (Sa’ar 2006; Goren 2014). Although the Israeli government envisioned a temporary labour fix and a policy of time-delimited rota- Living on borrowed time 105 Table 5.1 Legal migrant workers in Israel, 2010 Country of origin Total (000’s) Total Asia India Turkey Nepal China Sri Lanka Philippines Thailand Other Africa total Europe total* Bulgaria FSU Germany United Kingdom Romania Other America Oceania total USA Others 108.6 82.8 7.5 2.4 6.4 8.0 4.5 25.9 25.0 3.1 0.4 24.3 2.1 11

in Migrating borders and moving times
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Why exhume? Why identify?
Élisabeth Anstett and Jean-Marc Dreyfus

the volume focuses on the Asian continent. Frances Tay is interested in the exhumations ordered in Malaysia by the British military courts in the course of trials for Japanese atrocities committed during the occupation of the peninsula. These exhumations have indeed reflected the policy of restoring the colonial regime, while the process of memorializing the victims – which later drew on other exhumations – revealed the importance of the Chinese minority in the construction of an independent Malaysian state. In this respect, the last section of the volume offers a

in Human remains and identification
The status of bodies in the aftermath of the Khmer Rouge genocide
Anne Yvonne Guillou

invasion of Cambodia by Vietnam was HRMV.indb 151 01/09/2014 17:28:41 152  Anne Yvonne Guillou condemned by the west and by communist China (Democratic Kampuchea’s principal backer), which persisted in recognizing only the coalition government in exile, of which the Khmer Rouge formed a part.15 Within the country, too, Cambodians were unsure about what to make of this foreign military presence and this regime that professed to be communist while proclaiming that Pol Pot had betrayed the revolution. Among the steps taken to convince people of the legitimacy of the

in Human remains and mass violence
Open Access (free)
Death, landscape and power among the Duha Tuvinians of northern Mongolia
Benedikte Møller Kristensen

exams and receive certificates confirming them as ‘true’ shamans. However, many Duha perceive this schooling as both ‘fake’ and also inherently dangerous, as they are not taught the ‘true’ rules of shamanism, but ‘fake’ ones, which may pollute, rather than heal people. References Baabar, B., 1999, History of Mongolia (Cambridge: White Horse Press). Billé, F., 2010, ‘Bodies of Excess: Imagining the Chinese in Contemporary Mongolia’, unpublished PhD dissertation, University of Cambridge. Brown, W. A. et al., 1976, History of the Mongolian People’s Republic (Cambridge

in Governing the dead
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Machines of mass incineration in fact, fiction, and forensics
Robert Jan van Pelt

5 Sinnreich erdacht: machines of mass incineration in fact, fiction, and forensics Robert Jan van Pelt 1 On burning people, and corpses On 10 May 1933, students at the University of Berlin threw 25,000 books on a large pyre located in the square in front of the university. In the days that followed, gleeful students mounted book burnings at all the major universities in Germany. Newspapers from as far afield as China and Japan printed photographic and descriptive images of this violence. The world sensed that some kind of terrible rupture of civilization was

in Destruction and human remains