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Steve Sohmer

being a Jew and daughter to a money-lender. But Jessica nowhere shows disdain for Judaism per se , nor does she exhibit any hint of Christian religiosity. Besides, money-lending was one of the few legitimate occupations open to the Jews of early modern Venice, and Shylock appears to be a respected member of the Jewish community. 56 However, if one puts Jessica’s words into

in Reading Shakespeare’s mind
Open Access (free)
Invisibility and erasure in The Two Merry Milkmaids
Chloe Porter

an object that circulates amongst closed communities, since much of the humour of this play derives from Frederick and Smirk’s accidental acquisition of the jewel as an object that had been intended for use by Dorilus under Landoffe’s instruction. Notably, The Two Merry Milkmaids concludes with further obfuscation of the provenance of the ring, as Landoffe tells the inquisitive Duke that ‘at some

in Making and unmaking in early modern English drama
Open Access (free)
Imitation of Spenserian satire
Rachel E. Hile

identities and, just as importantly, to define a community” (O’Callaghan, Shepheards Nation, 1). Thinking about what poets signal in the early seventeenth century by adopting a Spenserian style or ethos can help us to see how they used Spenser to connect political and religious affiliations of the late sixteenth century to those of the early seventeenth century. Thinking in this way—that is, analyzing the links between what the Spenserian poets admired or missed from the sixteenth century and what they deplored in the seventeenth, and considering how Spenseri- MUP

in Spenserian satire
Divine destruction in Friar Bacon and Friar Bungay
Chloe Porter

national community depicted in the play, enabling the harmony of the final scene, in which Lacy is presented with Margaret alongside Prince Edward and Eleanor of Castile. 24 Although the climactic restoration of order rests in part on the presentation of these couples, Deanne Williams points out that Bacon’s final speech emphasises ‘singularity’ in a flattering reflection of the status of Greene

in Making and unmaking in early modern English drama
Rachel E. Hile

holy quier & Church may ring. (stanzas 68–70) These stanzas create a strong sense of Catholic worship practices, and shortly afterward, the Bee creates a Catholic-like hierarchy when he “maketh Priests and Presbiters, and some / of Fryers & Monks he makes a rabble rout, / Of Clarks & Limitors to kneele and lowt” (72.3–5). Even after Venus destroys his Calthanist community by smoking the beehives, and even after Caltha disappears from the garden (rescued and then MUP_Hile_SpenserSatire_Printer.indd 113 14/10/2016 15:35 Spenserian satire 114 metamorphosed by

in Spenserian satire
Rachel E. Hile

traditional English community” (“Typographic nostalgia,” 107). Note that Spenser himself had used black-letter type to activate both nostalgic and nationalistic feelings in his Shepheardes Calender (see Galbraith, “English”). 13 Although Curtis Perry argues (“Citizen politics”) that Elizabethanism was not a fully developed rhetorical strategy of protest during the first decade of James’s reign, his discussion of Dekker’s use in The Whore of Babylon (1607) of explicit praise of James coupled with implicit critique seems germane to the similar strategy discussed here. MUP

in Spenserian satire
Chloe Porter

‘proto-aesthetic’ amongst this community? 172 It is extremely difficult to ascertain an answer to this question because very little evidence of artisans’ textual or pictorial output survives, as it does for an aristocratic family such as the Fanes. 173 A pertinent example is the two compendious miscellanies made by the craftsman Thomas Trevilian (or Trevelyon), which are known as the Miscellany (1608) and the

in Making and unmaking in early modern English drama