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). Since the mid-2000s, labour policies moved in somewhat contradictory ways; they aimed at reducing the dualism in the labour market by reducing the firing costs of open-ended contracts and promoting, through regulation and ­subsidies, the conversion of certain types of atypical contracts, while, at the same time, favouring the growth of other non-standard forms of employment. Under the concurrent pressure of the markets and EU governors,3 the Monti government launched the first attack on the protection of regular employment. The Legge Fornero (Law 92/2012) of 2012

in Making work more equal
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income and wealth rather than the kind of weak equality favoured by new social democrats. However, the conversion of primary resources into well-being is conditioned not TZP2 4/25/2005 46 4:50 PM Page 46 After the new social democracy only by choice, but by the capabilities (Sen) and the complex location (Walzer) of the individual concerned. Citizenship The first component of distributive justice (equality of powers) is now in place and ready to be joined by the second: diverse reciprocity. I will make the case for diverse reciprocity through a critique of the

in After the new social democracy
Anti-Islam and anti-Muslim sentiments

imperialistic designs. Declan argues that Islam ‘has still kept its old fifth-century sense that we must control the world’, while others point to placards carried by Islamist protestors proclaiming ‘Islam will dominate the world’ (Lisa). A number of respondents discussed conversions to Islam as one means of imperialist expansion. … [T]hey started forcing their laws on the streets on a night, beating people up. … If you are not Islamic or part of the Muslim community you’ll get done over and it installs intimidation and fear into everyone who lives there. So it’s easier 136

in Loud and proud
Global and local forms of resistance to golf course development

danger is that IPM will be taken seriously by officials involved in the approval of golf courses.” 2 These are pointed critiques. The recommendations contained in GAGM’s manifesto are equally drastic. These recommendations include: a call for an immediate moratorium on new golf course development projects; a public environmental and social audit of all existing courses; the conversion of golf courses into public parks or, where they lie in forests, wetlands, or on islands, their conversion back to

in The greening of golf
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’s responses to schools. At the same time, this approach explores what Simkins calls the ‘increasingly fragmented local landscapes of schooling’ (Courtney 2015: 4). For Nigel Thrift ‘cities may be seen as roiling maelstroms of affect’ (Thrift 2004: 57). This landscape of schooling has been in considerable flux in the last two decades – particularly with the rapid conversion of schools to academies which directly impacts on admission policies and therefore the mechanisms of choice. Places are shaped by affectual, shared and more-than-rational responses which may include a

in All in the mix
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Anne McClintock and H. Rider Haggard

invasion of Zululand and the subsequent civil war a number of conflicting interests between politicians and populace based in Britain and those based in Natal.9 Haggard’s non-fictional writings show him to be torn between the two. A typical metropolitan imperial perspective would, in the mid-1880s, invest in the fantasy of an ‘imperial’, militarily powerful, sovereign Zulu kingdom, whereas a settlerNatal perspective would be interested in the material and ideological conversion of that Zulu into a wage-labouring, indirectly ruled colonial satellite.10 King Solomon

in Postcolonial contraventions
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Everyday trajectories of activism

are three ‘paths’ into extreme right activism. These trajectories are characterised by: ‘continuity’ (where activism is a result of prior political socialisation and expresses itself in the life-long commitment to a movement, in the case of ‘revolutionaries’, or movement between organisations, in the case of ‘wanderers’); ‘conversion’ (where activism marks a break with the past); or ‘compliance’ (when individuals are persuaded to become active by those already committed). For Linden and Klandermans these trajectories map on to three underlying motives for

in Loud and proud
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Association and distinction in politics and religion

elite: the masses must comply with the religion of the elite, but need not, indeed should not, engage with it with the sophistication, active participation, or understanding which characterises elite devotion and theological understanding. Latin will remain the secular and religious language of the distinctive few, mass will be performed behind a rood screen, the conversions of humanity will simply be the conversion of kings. Harold Lasswell and Merritt Fox contrast autocratic separation, the Forbidden City or the Kremlin under both tsars and

in Cultivating political and public identity

which participants pass, and no social recognition of the conversion. (Hazan 1980, 147) In some respects, the same sentiment could be applied to single women. There are no preparatory processes, no official instructors, and no novices. In everyday talk, we often refer to the idea of becoming single after experiencing a visible transition point such as separation, divorce, or widowhood. Self-help books like Becoming Single: How to Survive When a Relationship Ends (Keith and Bradley 1991) stress how divorce can operate as a de-coupling process, marking a new social

in A table for one
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Approaching golf and environmental issues

the conversion of golf course irrigation systems to recycled wastewater. For a decade, Angel Park irrigated with potable water, which the city pumped from Lake Mead, 30 miles to the southeast and 1,500 feet lower in elevation. During an especially dry year, in the mid-1990s, the club used 650 million gallons. Not long afterward, the Las Vegas Valley Water District (one of the seven municipal agencies that make up the SNWA) built a wastewater recycling plant a short distance

in The greening of golf