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A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

interdependencies – often invisible to the reader – that influence the accounts of such conflicts. 2 Drawing on my own experience as a journalist and independent researcher who has worked regularly – though not exclusively – in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) since 2012, I considered the work of a journalist reporting on the DRC from four different perspectives based on: my experience as a journalist who wrote articles on armed conflict in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Politics of ‘Proximity’ and Performing Humanitarianism in Eastern DRC
Myfanwy James

actors so that NGOs can negotiate access to operate in the fragmented and shifting political landscape. The members of the Cercle represent the backbone of humanitarian presence in North Kivu. As one of the founders put it, we are like ‘fixers’ as well as humanitarians, and this is our ‘Congolese space of aid’. Although it does not feature in most official narratives, the ability of international humanitarian organisations to work in eastern DRC depends on this Congolese space of aid, which operates alongside the world of mobile foreign staff. This article explores

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editors’ Introduction
Marc Le Pape and Michaël Neuman

: they are examining how knowledge is acquired. The contributors to this issue represent different types of involvement: some of the authors were – and in some cases still are – engaged in humanitarian aid activities in Syria, solidarity, and human rights activities in Rwanda. Others have done fieldwork as researchers and academics in Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Reporting from the field as a journalist is discussed with regard to eastern DRC. There is an historian’s approach to the Nigerian Civil War (1967–70), combined with analysis on the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Dispelling Misconceptions about Sexual Violence against Men and Boys in Conflict and Displacement
Heleen Touquet, Sarah Chynoweth, Sarah Martin, Chen Reis, Henri Myrttinen, Philipp Schulz, Lewis Turner, and David Duriesmith

conflict, and the historical and cultural contexts ( Chynoweth et al. , 2020b ). While reliable numbers regarding perpetration are difficult to obtain, evidence suggests that sexual violence is also perpetrated under many other circumstances. For example, in the current conflicts in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Libya, sexual violence against men and boys is sometimes perpetrated at the point of capture or arrest

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
An Interview with Caroline Abu Sa’Da, General Director of SOS MEDITERRANEE Suisse
Juliano Fiori

unlawful but European institutions are endorsing it. So SOS says: ‘No! Actually, according to international law, these are the obligations of states.’ It’s kind of a vigilante of the Mediterranean. Right now, my problem with NGOs like MSF and Save the Children and Oxfam is not what they do out in the field. It is that their staff generally don’t act as citizens. They go out to Uganda or DRC or whatever but they don’t engage with politics in their own home countries. Perhaps this is a result of the way NGO workers see themselves. My PhD research was

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Gender Equality and Culture in Humanitarian Action
Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos

Humanitarian Principles ’, ICRC Humanitarian Law & Policy Blog , 18 July , (accessed 30 August 2020 ). Fanning , E. and Hastie , R. ( 2012 ), Protecting Communities in the DRC

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Fabrice Weissman

to secure the safe and sound release of our colleagues, often without making any material concessions. No overarching theory applies to every situation. For example, while publicly holding Russian and Dagestani deputies to account for the abduction of Swiss MSF head of mission Arjan Erkel in Dagestan in 2002 accelerated his release ( McLean, 2016 ), the Congolese militias who are likely holding the four MSF staff members abducted in the DRC on 11

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

globe, ministers to millions of people every day, receives billions of dollars in income and is a major player in every crisis? More than this, it is clear that the scale of human suffering remains prodigious and that for as much good as they do, humanitarians frequently do little in terms of a net reduction in suffering and misery (think Haiti, Syria, Somalia, DRC, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, South Sudan). Much suffering – private violence, civil and gang wars, state predation, poverty, insecurity – is untouched by humanitarian intervention of any

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

, collaboration might take the form of activity linking and coordination at sub-national levels or across sectors ( Baker et al. , 2017 ; Norad, 2009 ; UNESCO, 2016 ). UN OCHA clusters/task forces/working groups are examples that are widely recommended in the evaluation reports ( FAO, 2015 ; Norad, 2017 ; OCHA, 2015 ). In parts of the country, additional NGOs are less of a priority than cooperation and collaboration between existing ones ( DRC, 2015 ). As an initial entry point, collaboration should be fostered within donor and organisational portfolios ( ACF, 2011 ; GoC

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Timothy Longman

Commissioner of Human Rights, ‘Democratic Republic of Congo, 1993–2003: Report of the Mapping Exercise documenting the most serious violations of human rights and international humanitarian law committed within the territory of the Democratic Republic of the Congo between March 1993 and June 2003’, Geneva: OHCHR, August 2010, (accessed 21 February 2019). 3 Most notable is Reyntjens (2013) who provides a detailed chronicle of abuses of power by the RPF, including human rights abuses. 4

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs