or to be elected to public office (Gijsels
North Flanders refers to the Dutch speaking part of Belgium (i.e. Flanders), South Flanders
to a small part in the Northwestern region of France (around cities like Dunkirk and Lille).
The extreme right in Flanders
1992: 41). In the first few years after the war, most of the former collaborators confined their activities to charitable pursuits, especially on behalf of
former soldiers who had served on the Eastern Front, for example in the
Vlaams Verbond der Oud
needed if diplomacy with the Soviet
Union failed, launching a propaganda drive to rebut Soviet propaganda that continuously condemned British foreign and defence
policy, and completing the North Atlantic Treaty negotiations as a
matter of urgency.88 On 4 March 1947 Britain had signed the Treaty
of Dunkirk, a defensive pact with France against an attack from
Germany. This was enlarged on 17 March 1948 with the Treaty of
Brussels, signed by Britain, France and the Benelux countries, committing them to collective defence against any armed attack for fifty years.