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Attitudes towards subversive movements and violent organisations
Ami Pedahzur

consolidated a sweeping public consensus on the issue of the precedence of security and military matters over civil rights. However, the sense of foreboding has persisted and this ‘security complex’ continued to dominate policy and political discourse for many years. Therefore, it should come as no surprise that over the course of its fifty-three years of existence, Israel has not adopted a constitution, nor has it ever retracted the state of emergency under which it has operated for all those years, making it possible to effect far-reaching extensions of the notion of the

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence
Open Access (free)
An introduction to his life and work
Ralph Keen

marginal notes pointing out Luther’s criminality and impiety.57 For Cochlaeus the Edict represented imperial business still pending, an emergency measure, taken for the sake of the people, whose urgency had increased rather than diminished in the intervening years – as the Commentary sought to demonstrate.58 The fact that the Commentary, taken without its highly charged peripheral matter, may have been intended as a presentation of factual evidence in a case against Luther gives it a readability that more overtly polemical works, by Cochlaeus and others, do not possess

in Luther’s lives
Open Access (free)
The ‘defending democracy’ in Israel – a framework of analysis
Ami Pedahzur

of control at variance with the tools at the police’s disposal. 16 Additional evidence of controls of this nature can be found in those cases where the state devises a broader ‘semi-legal’ infrastructure with the intent of paving the way for a more forceful policy of response to seditious events. This infrastructure may include emergency legislation, the use of administrative regulations, modifications to the legal process in order to facilitate a smoother conviction of extremist elements and occasionally, in fact, the creation of special courts of law whose

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence
From the ‘militant’ to an ‘immunised’ route?
Ami Pedahzur

of such liberties, emphasises the importance of a stable democratic system of governance and thus provides authorities with more ‘space’ in their attempts to defend the state. In effect, German concern that history might repeat itself is so great that, according to clause 79 (3) of the constitution (the ‘perpetuity clause’), clauses 1 (civil rights) and 20 (the democratic nature of the country) may not be amended under any circumstances. 8 Furthermore, the German constitution refers to domestic emergency situations and grants authorities permission to deal with

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence
The parliamentary arena
Ami Pedahzur

office. The case in point was the rejection of the ‘Socialist List’s’ candidacy for the sixth Knesset elections. Disqualifying the ‘Socialist List’: predominance of the ‘militant route’ The ‘Socialist List’, principally a left-wing Arab list, displayed a programme based on the premisses of its predecessor Al-Ard, which was dismantled according to Section 84 of the Defence Regulations (Emergency), 1945. Although it did not constitute a substantial threat to Israel’s security, the ‘Socialist List’s’ programme conveyed a

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence