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Maintaining trust
Heidi Mertes

all inventions based on research in which embryos were destroyed should be unpatentable – contrary to what was decided by the European Court of Justice in the famous Brüstle v. Greenpeace case in 2011 (European Commission 2011).1 However, the research itself, the findings about reproductive biology, embryogenesis, outcomes of different cryopreservation techniques etc. should be made public. By sharing this research, the recipient of the donated embryos in turn shows reciprocity towards the donors/IVF patients. A policy of mandatory sharing of information also

in The freedom of scientific research
Open Access (free)
Gareth Millward

to vaccinate their children might improve public health outcomes. 31 Opponents appear to be emboldened by online communities, protests and legal cases. A 2017 ruling in the European Court of Justice appears to pave the way for circumstantial evidence to be accepted as proof of vaccine injury in compensation cases, rather than the use of scientific evidence “beyond reasonable doubt”. The consequences for vaccine manufacturers could be devastating – and, given the already-rising costs of vaccines and the declining number of companies producing them, this could

in Vaccinating Britain