Open Access (free)
Catherine Hall

. This meaning held for many decades. As late as George Eliot’s Daniel Deronda in 1876, the OED notes, the West Indian was a byword for fabled wealth brought back to the metropole. By the 1960s, however, (according to the abbreviated genealogy the OED gives us) the West Indian had become black. So, The Times records in February 1957 that, ‘26,000 West Indians migrated to Britain in 1956

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
Open Access (free)
Kirsti Bohata, Alexandra Jones, Mike Mantin, and Steven Thompson

Hackett, British Working-Class Autobiographies: An Annotated Bibliography (New York: AMS Press, 1985). 31 According to Gustav Klaus, Joseph Skipsey was ‘the first of a number of miner writers who resist[ed] the label “pit-poet”, as they cherish[ed] greater ambitions and move[d] increasingly beyond the range of subjects provided by the mining milieu’. See Gustav H. Klaus, The Literature of Labour: Two Hundred Years of WorkingClass Writing (Brighton: The Harvester Press, 1985), p. 76. 32 Aside from the well-known example of George Eliot’s Felix Holt, the Radical (London

in Disability in industrial Britain
Brian Pullan and Michele Abendstern

. Jane Austen, it was said, had too long reigned in solitude as the token woman author, and needed more companions (had George Eliot, Elizabeth Gaskell and the Brontës really been neglected?). Members of the group pressed the claims of women writers of the twentieth century, and Katherine Mansfield, Doris Lessing and Iris Murdoch began to figure in the syllabus. Classic films of the 1930s, Hollywood versions of Wuthering Heights, Pride and Prejudice, and Jane Eyre, were shown in the Main Debating Hall of the Union. The Women’s Festival, held in November 1981, included

in A history of the University of Manchester 1973–90
David M. Turner and Daniel Blackie

’ by nature of his exposure to chronic disease, accident and the progressive deformity brought on by hard labour, the medical evidence presented to the 1842 Commission was often contradictory, reflecting fully the opposing views of miners’ bodies as both healthy and diseased prevalent in nineteenth-century Britain.53 For example, for all those who highlighted the dangers of dust and poor ventilation to the health of miners’ lungs, there were others such as George Eliot, the head viewer at Monkwearmouth Colliery in South Shields, who regarded his colliery as ‘quite an

in Disability in the Industrial Revolution