dance artist to represent the US on those tours was José Limón,
who went to Latin America in 1954 (Prevots 2001).
Martha Graham was one of the most prominent artists to take an
active part in this programme. Clare Croft, who has written extensively
about dance and cultural diplomacy in the US, argues that Graham was
defined as a ‘grand lady of dance’ in a memo sent in 1974 from HenryKissinger to Gerald Ford (Croft 2015: 105). But Graham’s centrality in
American dance predated the State tours. The State Department consequently assumed she had international value