from the efforts made to prevent them’ (III: 603).
Rousseau’s immediate solution – though hardly philosophically spectacular
– was the establishment of a mechanism for protecting civilians (what
international lawyers call the doctrine of non-combatant immunity). While
this proposal falls short of the grandeur of utopian ideals – such as
presented by Kant in Zum Ewigen Frieden – it is testament to the power of
political ideas that it was Rousseau’s idea, which (at least indirectly) led to
the establishment of internationalhumanitarianlaw (Best 1980: 56–8).