national struggle over the moral order that is civilisational in its
contours as well as a class struggle that is political and economic.
Gramsci’s reconstruction of problems of moral order and social existence
in ‘Americanism and Fordism’ paved the way for a series of later neo-Marxist
conceptions of capitalism. One neo-Gramscian offshoot turned explicitly to
problematics of civilisation. Robert W. Cox has a disciplinary background in
internationalpoliticaleconomy and international relations. He began by taking
the implications of Gramsci’s perspective on the
national stability of societal systems as regulatory
forces under neoliberal globalisation.
Equally, it is clearly the case that any sort of ‘coherence’ of national-societal
systems is predicated on some sort of coherence with the demands of internationalpoliticaleconomy and globalising capitalism. To be practically adequate,
comparative analysis needs both to take systematic account of the selective
‘efficiency’ of societies as informed by processes of international integration
(Rubery, 1992; Wilkinson, 1983), and to recognise that these processes imply