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  • Manchester International Relations x
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Matthew Hunt, Sharon O’Brien, Patrick Cadwell and Dónal P. O’Mathúna

, 393 – 410 . Cadwell , P. ( 2016 ), ‘ A Place for Translation Technologies in Disaster Settings: The Case of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake ’, in O’Hagan , M. and Zhang , Q. (eds), Conflict and Communication: A Changing Asia in a Globalising World ( New York : Nova

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
M. Anne Brown

, painfully and destructively to traditional society, the elements of a protostate. Coffee was a productive cash crop, but in this case the highly dispersed pattern of indigenous social and political life and the self-supporting native economy were suited well enough to the purposes of the colonisers. Portuguese administration returned to East Timor after being displaced by the Japanese during the Second World War. The Lisbon Government was an authoritarian regime, and the character of its colonial administration reflected this. Portugal had been

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
Amikam Nachmani

), from the United States (a 27.9 percent decline, from 3.6 billion dollars to 2.6 billion), from the UK (from 2.3 billion dollars to 1.8 billion, a 23.5 percent decline), and from Japan (from 1.8 billion dollars to 1.2 billion, a 34.7 percent decline). Altogether, Turkey’s imports in 1998 amounted to close on 39 billion dollars; in 1999 it declined to 32.5 billion, a 16.5 percent decline. The export balance shows slightly better results. It is indicative of the strength of the major trend in the Turkish economy in the 1990s, namely, the increase

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Matthew S. Weinert

expected of each other’ (Gong 1984 : viii, 15). If subjects met and adhered to them – Gong charts how particular countries navigated, managed and inculcated the standard, sometimes successfully (Japan and Siam) and sometimes not (the Ottoman Empire and China) – they theoretically could be granted full recognition and hence admission into the European society of states

in Recognition and Global Politics
Open Access (free)
Kerry Longhurst

after 1990 had largely confounded the expectations of the neo-realists and, in particular, the emphasis on the resurgence of German military power and unilateralism. Thus, seeking an alternative and more authentic form of explanation, scholars Longhurst, Germany and the use of force.qxd 12 30/06/2004 16:25 Page 12 Germany and the use of force have capitalised on the growing body of culture-inspired theories and concepts. In 1998 Thomas U. Berger considered national security policies in both Germany and Japan through a culturalist perspective in a major volume

in Germany and the use of force
Open Access (free)
Amikam Nachmani

under the Black Sea, carrying Siberian gas to Turkey’s Black Sea port of Samson and from there to Ankara. The pipeline, to be built by an international consortium of French, Italian, Japanese and Russian energy companies, at the cost of 3.2 billion dollars, was to be completed by 2010. 7 Small wonder its opponents ridiculed the entire scheme, labeling it derisively, “Operation Blue Dream.” Second, while reducing Turkey reliance on oil, it increased Turkey’s dependence on Russian gas. Turkey already imported 68 percent of its gas from Russia. In 1999 it was importing

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Raymond Hinnebusch

economic competition from Europe and Japan which were less willing than heretofore to defer to the US. Indeed, a Pentagon planning document in the late 1980s discussed the need for the US to defend its hegemonic power from such competitors. At a time when some of the other ingredients of US economic hegemony, such as financial assets and trading capacity, had declined, control of Middle East oil, including petrodollar recycling, was an all-the-more crucial instrument of hegemony and source of leverage over economic competitors. It is no accident

in The international politics of the Middle East
Kerry Longhurst

://ministerium.bundeswehr.de/ie/Interview_struck.php. 3 Kerry Longhurst (2003) ‘Why Aren’t the Germans Debating the Draft?’, German Politics, vol. 12, no. 2 (August), pp. 147–65. 4 Geoffrey van Orden (1991) ‘The Bundeswehr in Transition’, Survival, vol. 33 ( July–August), p. 364. 5 John, S. Duffield (1998) World Power Forsaken: Political Culture, International Institutions, and German Security Policy After Unification (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press), p. 239. 6 Thomas U. Berger (1998) Cultures of Antimilitarism: National Security in Germany and Japan (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press), p. 170. 7

in Germany and the use of force
Amikam Nachmani

; 4 extracting economic and political concessions from the West and Japan, in return for Turkey’ s aid during the crisis; 5 weakening Iraq without a single Turkish soldier actually taking part in the fighting or crossing into Iraq. The annals of this century show few examples of a country that has succeeded, in the course of over seventy years, in achieving its regional objectives without its armed forces becoming embroiled in combat. Having contrived to do so ever since the 1920s – the 1974

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Open Access (free)
The international system and the Middle East
Raymond Hinnebusch

Japanese competition, precipitate a recycling of petrodollars through US banks, thereby restoring declining American control of world financial resources, and stimulate American exports to the oil producers. Western consumers and workers certainly did suffer from the oil price increases but the most powerful US corporations – the oil companies, banks and arms exporters – made huge profits from them or from the recycling of petrodollars. And US oil producers were the largest funders of the Republican Party and the Nixon, Reagan and two Bush campaigns (Kubursi and Mansur

in The international politics of the Middle East