Daughters of the Empire, mothers in their own homes, 1929–45
In the context of war, such harsh
words lacked the hope of canadianization that was evident in the
interwar years. Old racist attitudes surfaced in the IODE’s call
for internment. The British Columbia Provincial Chapter, for example,
asserted in 1944 ‘that the dual nationality of the Japanese will
never allow them to become assimilated into
figure represents a mere segment of Alfred’s life at sea. He
travelled to Australia, New Zealand, South America, South Africa, China,
India, Japan, and many other places in his twenty-year-long naval
career. Alfred was probably seen in the flesh by more people in the
colonial empire than any royal before the advent of the jet age.
By 1860 when he set sail for South Africa, Alfred had
become the great hope
Julie Evans, Patricia Grimshaw, David Philips, and Shurlee Swain
the conservatives were simply scoring rhetorical
points; few, if any, were prepared to support an Aboriginal franchise.
In 1895, a Queensland reformer, Charles Powers, challenged the
conservatives when he declared: ‘Is there a single member who
would give votes to aborigines, Japanese, Chinese, Hindoos, negroes, and
South Sea Islanders? I do not think there is one.’ 15 The Queensland
integrity of the British Empire was under threat from Germany’s demands for the return of its former colonies and Japanese expansion in south-east Asia. 57 In addition, there were vocal critics of imperialism in the US. 58 With the outbreak of war, the Colonial Office argued that it was imperative that Britain take action to secure the continuing loyalty of colonial peoples and ensure there was no interruption to colonial production. Trinidad was of particular strategic importance to Britain as it was the largest source of aviation fuel in the empire; a high
high demand as natural rubber imported from the tropics became increasingly difficult to secure with Japanese control of Malaysia. 66 Organic intermediates such furfural and levulinic acid were compounds of enormous utility, important for the manufacture of a huge range of industrial products. There was great demand for such intermediates by the chemical industry and therefore a lucrative opportunity appeared to exist if new and better chemical processes could be developed to produce such materials from sugar.
A number of meetings took place in