By expanding the geographical scope of the history of violence and war, this volume challenges both Western and state-centric narratives of the decline of violence and its relationship to modernity. It highlights instead similarities across early modernity in terms of representations, legitimations, applications of, and motivations for violence. It seeks to integrate methodologies of the study of violence into the history of war, thereby extending the historical significance of both fields of research. Thirteen case studies outline the myriad ways in which large-scale violence was understood and used by states and non-state actors throughout the early modern period across Africa, Asia, the Americas, the Atlantic, and Europe, demonstrating that it was far more complex than would be suggested by simple narratives of conquest and resistance. Moreover, key features of imperial violence apply equally to large-scale violence within societies. As the authors argue, violence was a continuum, ranging from small-scale, local actions to full-blown war. The latter was privileged legally and increasingly associated with states during early modernity, but its legitimacy was frequently contested and many of its violent forms, such as raiding and destruction of buildings and crops, could be found in activities not officially classed as war.

Bonnie Clementsson

. 24 Göransson 1990 , p. 529. 25 Joris 2007 , pp. 239, 248–50. 26 JR, BoA, 1780 , 25 February, Nils Larsson, Ingrid Rasmusdotter ( cousin

in Incest in Sweden, 1680–1940
Open Access (free)
A male strategy
Soili-Maria Olli

, 1971), pp. 9, 71, 88, 92. Peter Burke, Popular Culture in Early Modern Europe (London, 1978). Riksarkivet (hereafter RA), Stockholm, Justitierevisionens Arkiv, JR, Utslagshandlingar, 17 November 1727, nr. 21. RA Stockholm, Justitierevisionens Arkiv, JR, Utslagshandlingar, 17 March 1757, nr. 27. For Lutheran attitudes towards the role of church and state regarding punishment see Sven Kjöllerström, Den svenska kyrkoordningen, pp. 304–5. Soili-Maria Eklund (Olli), ‘Drängen Henrich Michelsson änglasyner. Demonologiska och medicinska förklaringsmodeller i tidig modern tid

in Beyond the witch trials
Brian Pullan and Michele Abendstern

requirement’ for each; to add all of them together; and to make extra allowances for certain unusual items which did not fit into the ordinary departmental framework, such as, in Manchester, the Museum, the Whitworth Art Gallery, and the John Rylands University Library. The grant thus arrived at would be composed of T for Teaching, R for Research and S for Special Factors. On close inspection, R turned out to be the most elaborate compound, for it would consist of four elements, called SR, DR, CR and JR. SR would depend on the number of staff and of research students. DR

in A history of the University of Manchester 1973–90
Bonnie Clementsson

, no. 1, p. 363; SD, AI:34, 1731, 24 November, no. 1, p. 347; SD, AI:34, 1734, 16 January, no. 3, p. 668. See also JR, K, 1730 , 20 March, Rasmus Olofsson, Karin Mårtensdotter; JR, K, 1730 , 9 June, Christian Månsson, Boel Svensdotter; JR, K, 1730 , 26 November, Per Persson, Elin Andersdotter. 21 For instance, JR, BoA, 1720 , 25 April, Carl Christiernum, Agneta von Hyltén

in Incest in Sweden, 1680–1940
Open Access (free)
Patrick Doyle

Politics (Gerrard's Cross, Bucks.: Colin Smythe, 1986), 3. 5 IAOS, Annual Report, 1921 , 7. 6 Kevin H. O’Rourke, ‘Culture, Conflict and Cooperation: Irish Dairying Before the Great War’, Economic Journal , 117 (2007), 1357–1379. 7 Philip Bull, Land, Politics and Nationalism: A Study of the Irish Land Question (Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1996); James S Donnelly, Jr, The Land and the People of Nineteenth-Century Cork (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1975). 8 Anthony

in Civilising rural Ireland
Bonnie Clementsson

On 21 November 1850, applications for marriage from five couples were approved simultaneously. JR, R, 1850, 21 November. On 11 February 1870, permission to marry was granted for five couples; and on 25 February of the same year, three more couples received approval. JR, K, 1870, 11 February; JR, K, 1870, 25 February. 25 Egerbladh and Bittles 2011 , pp. 413, 418

in Incest in Sweden, 1680–1940
Open Access (free)
Svante Norrhem and Erik Thomson

Gegenwart (Studien zur Historischen Migrationsforschung, vol. 30), ed. by Christoph Rass (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2016), pp. 111–126; Egidio Ivetic, ‘The Peace of Passarowitz in Venice’s Balkan Policy’, in The Peace of Passarowitz, 1718, ed. by Charles Ingrao, Nikola Samardžić and Jovan Pešalj (West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press, 2008), pp. 63–72. 5 William H. Sewell, Jr, ‘A Theory of Structure’, in his Logics of History: Social Theory and Social Transformation (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005), pp. 124–151. Introduction 5 Consequently, not

in Subsidies, diplomacy, and state formation in Europe, 1494–1789
The Tokugawa, the Zheng maritime network, and the Dutch East India Company
Adam Clulow and Xing Hang

Company and the Changing Pattern of the China Sea Trade, 1635–1690’, Modern Asian Studies, 30:1 (1996). 158 Part II: Restraint and excess 27 J. E. Wills Jr, ‘Ch’ing Relations with the Dutch, 1662–1690’, in J. K. Fairbank (ed.), The Chinese World Order (Cambridge, 1968), p. 228. 28 P. van Dam, Beschrijvinge van de Oostindishe Compagnie, ed. F. W. Stapel (4 vols in 7 parts, The Hague, 1927–54), II. I, p. 721. The authoritative account of the Bort campaign remains: J. E. Wills Jr., Pepper, Guns and Parleys: The Dutch East India Company and China, 1622–1681 (Cambridge

in A global history of early modern violence
Patrick Doyle

’Halpin, ‘Politics and the State, 1922–1932’, A New History of Ireland, Volume VII: Ireland 1921–1984 , ed. by J.R. Hill (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003), 86–126 (p. 113). 28 George O’Brien, ‘Patrick Hogan: Minister for Agriculture, 1922–1932’, Studies , 25.99 (1936), 353–368 (p. 360). 29 Cormac Ó Gráda, A Rocky Road: The Irish Economy Since the 1920s (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1997), 145. 30 Cormac Ó Gráda, Ireland Before and After the Famine: Explorations in Economic History, 1800

in Civilising rural Ireland