By expanding the geographical scope of the history of violence and war, this
volume challenges both Western and state-centric narratives of the decline of
violence and its relationship to modernity. It highlights instead similarities
across early modernity in terms of representations, legitimations, applications
of, and motivations for violence. It seeks to integrate methodologies of the
study of violence into the history of war, thereby extending the historical
significance of both fields of research. Thirteen case studies outline the
myriad ways in which large-scale violence was understood and used by states and
non-state actors throughout the early modern period across Africa, Asia, the
Americas, the Atlantic, and Europe, demonstrating that it was far more complex
than would be suggested by simple narratives of conquest and resistance.
Moreover, key features of imperial violence apply equally to large-scale
violence within societies. As the authors argue, violence was a continuum,
ranging from small-scale, local actions to full-blown war. The latter was
privileged legally and increasingly associated with states during early
modernity, but its legitimacy was frequently contested and many of its violent
forms, such as raiding and destruction of buildings and crops, could be found in
activities not officially classed as war.
, 1971), pp. 9, 71, 88, 92.
Peter Burke, Popular Culture in Early Modern Europe (London, 1978).
Riksarkivet (hereafter RA), Stockholm, Justitierevisionens Arkiv, JR, Utslagshandlingar, 17 November 1727, nr. 21.
RA Stockholm, Justitierevisionens Arkiv, JR, Utslagshandlingar, 17 March 1757,
For Lutheran attitudes towards the role of church and state regarding punishment
see Sven Kjöllerström, Den svenska kyrkoordningen, pp. 304–5.
Soili-Maria Eklund (Olli), ‘Drängen Henrich Michelsson änglasyner. Demonologiska
och medicinska förklaringsmodeller i tidig modern tid
requirement’ for each; to add all of them together; and to make extra
allowances for certain unusual items which did not fit into the ordinary
departmental framework, such as, in Manchester, the Museum, the
Whitworth Art Gallery, and the John Rylands University Library. The
grant thus arrived at would be composed of T for Teaching, R for
Research and S for Special Factors.
On close inspection, R turned out to be the most elaborate compound, for it would consist of four elements, called SR, DR, CR and
JR. SR would depend on the number of staff and of research students.
Politics (Gerrard's Cross, Bucks.: Colin Smythe, 1986), 3.
5 IAOS, Annual Report, 1921 , 7.
6 Kevin H. O’Rourke, ‘Culture, Conflict and Cooperation: Irish Dairying Before the Great War’, Economic Journal , 117 (2007), 1357–1379.
7 Philip Bull, Land, Politics and Nationalism: A Study of the Irish Land Question (Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1996); James S Donnelly, Jr, The Land and the People of Nineteenth-Century Cork (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1975).
On 21 November 1850, applications for marriage from five couples were approved simultaneously. JR, R, 1850, 21 November. On 11 February 1870, permission to marry was granted for five couples; and on 25 February of the same year, three more couples received approval. JR, K, 1870, 11 February; JR, K, 1870, 25 February.
Egerbladh and Bittles 2011 , pp. 413, 418
Gegenwart (Studien zur
Historischen Migrationsforschung, vol. 30), ed. by Christoph Rass (Paderborn:
Ferdinand Schöningh, 2016), pp. 111–126; Egidio Ivetic, ‘The Peace of
Passarowitz in Venice’s Balkan Policy’, in The Peace of Passarowitz, 1718,
ed. by Charles Ingrao, Nikola Samardžić and Jovan Pešalj (West Lafayette,
IN: Purdue University Press, 2008), pp. 63–72.
5 William H. Sewell, Jr, ‘A Theory of Structure’, in his Logics of History:
Social Theory and Social Transformation (Chicago: University of Chicago
Press, 2005), pp. 124–151.
The Tokugawa, the Zheng maritime network, and the Dutch East India
Adam Clulow and Xing Hang
Company and the Changing Pattern
of the China Sea Trade, 1635–1690’, Modern Asian Studies, 30:1 (1996).
Part II: Restraint and excess
27 J. E. Wills Jr, ‘Ch’ing Relations with the Dutch, 1662–1690’, in J. K. Fairbank (ed.), The
Chinese World Order (Cambridge, 1968), p. 228.
28 P. van Dam, Beschrijvinge van de Oostindishe Compagnie, ed. F. W. Stapel (4 vols in 7
parts, The Hague, 1927–54), II. I, p. 721. The authoritative account of the Bort campaign
remains: J. E. Wills Jr., Pepper, Guns and Parleys: The Dutch East India Company and China,
’Halpin, ‘Politics and the State, 1922–1932’, A New History of Ireland, Volume VII: Ireland 1921–1984 , ed. by J.R. Hill (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003), 86–126 (p. 113).
28 George O’Brien, ‘Patrick Hogan: Minister for Agriculture, 1922–1932’, Studies , 25.99 (1936), 353–368 (p. 360).
29 Cormac Ó Gráda, A Rocky Road: The Irish Economy Since the 1920s (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1997), 145.
30 Cormac Ó Gráda, Ireland Before and After the Famine: Explorations in Economic History, 1800