Politics (Gerrard's Cross, Bucks.: Colin Smythe, 1986), 3.
5 IAOS, Annual Report, 1921 , 7.
6 Kevin H. O’Rourke, ‘Culture, Conflict and Cooperation: Irish Dairying Before the Great War’, Economic Journal , 117 (2007), 1357–1379.
7 Philip Bull, Land, Politics and Nationalism: A Study of the Irish Land Question (Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1996); James S Donnelly, Jr, The Land and the People of Nineteenth-Century Cork (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1975).
’Halpin, ‘Politics and the State, 1922–1932’, A New History of Ireland, Volume VII: Ireland 1921–1984 , ed. by J.R. Hill (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003), 86–126 (p. 113).
28 George O’Brien, ‘Patrick Hogan: Minister for Agriculture, 1922–1932’, Studies , 25.99 (1936), 353–368 (p. 360).
29 Cormac Ó Gráda, A Rocky Road: The Irish Economy Since the 1920s (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1997), 145.
30 Cormac Ó Gráda, Ireland Before and After the Famine: Explorations in Economic History, 1800
, Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed (London: Yale University Press, 1998).
3 Horace Plunkett, Ireland in the New Century: with an Epilogue in Answer to Some Critics (London: John Murray, 1905), 40–41.
4 Plunkett, Ireland in the New Century , 44–45.
5 Mary E. Daly, The Famine in Ireland (Dundalk: Dundalgen Press, 1986); James S. Donnelly, Jr, The Great Irish Potato Famine (Stroud: Sutton, 2001). Cormac Ó Gráda, Black ’47 and Beyond: The Great
united front as they appealed to farmers’ patriotism to utilise their resources to the greatest national advantage. The IAOS and DATI issued complementary public notices to farmers to conserve food and offered instructions on issues such as vegetable cultivation, crop rotation and directions to maximise production. J.R. Campbell, Assistant Secretary for Agriculture at the DATI, urged farmers to concentrate upon tillage farming and increased efforts to extend dairying in Ireland to cover winter months. 18
The IAOS's ability to provide targeted
50 IAOS, Annual Report, 1901 , 16.
51 Líam Kennedy, ‘Farmers, Traders and Agricultural Politics in Pre-Independence Ireland’, in Irish Peasants: Violence and Political Unrest, 1780–1914, ed. by James S. Donnelly Jr and Samuel Clark (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1983), 339–373.
52 IAOS, Annual Report, 1904 , 25.
53 IAOS, Annual Report, 1895 , 5.
54 Lionel Smith-Gordon and Laurence C. Staples, Rural Reconstruction in Ireland: A Record of Co