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This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the
subsequent chapters of this book. The book argues that there is not a single
principle of democratic inclusion but several principles, and that it is
important to distinguish their different roles in relation to democratic
boundaries. It considers the general "circumstances of democracy" that
consist in normative background assumptions and general empirical conditions
under which democratic self-government is both necessary and possible. The
book discusses the principles of including all affected interests (AAI), all
subject to coercion (ASC) and all citizenship stakeholders (ACS). It
contextualizes the principle of stakeholder inclusion, which provides the
best answer to the question of democratic boundaries of membership, by
applying it to polities of different types. The book distinguishes state,
local and regional polities and also argues that they differ in their