What does race have to do with the Yugoslav region?
, nationhood and race
Scholars in Black European Studies at locations including Germany, the Nordiccountries and the Netherlands have had to confront exceptionalism in order for the mainstreams of their own area studies to hear them (Loftsdóttir and Jensen (eds) 2012b ; Wekker 2016 ). Exceptionalism obscures the global pervasiveness of ‘race’ as a structure of thought by implying that race is not relevant for understanding somewhere because it was not directly involved in European colonialism; because it was colonised itself; or even, in the Dutch
Studies of other destinations also show how South Slav migrants, stratified by both ethnicity and class, have been accommodated within and altered those countries' formations of race. They did so as refugees in Nordiccountries negotiating boundaries of whiteness, autochthony and immigration status (Cederberg 2005 ; Grünenberg 2005 ; Huttunen 2009 ; Valenta and Strabac 2011 ); as guest-workers in 1960s–70s West Germany, socio-economically similar to Turks and Kurds but racialised by white Germans somewhat differently (Molnar 2014 ); 16