Search results

Birgitta Åseskog

146 CASE STUDIES 7 National machinery for gender equality in Sweden and other Nordic countries birgitta åseskog Introduction In this chapter I want to describe the ‘Nordic model’ of national machinery for gender equality. I want to show the similarities between the countries, but also the differences. The official Nordic cooperation on gender equality, conducted by the Nordic Council of Ministers, is based on the development of pilot projects and reports on priority areas. It provides excellent opportunities to develop new methods and strategies and is a forum

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Institutional mechanisms for the advancement of women
Editor: Shirin M. Rai

The role of national machineries, as a way to promote the status of women, acquired international relevance during the World Conference on the International Women's Year, in Mexico City in 1975. This book reflects Division for the Advancement of Women's (DAW) long-standing interest in the area of national machineries, bringing together the experiences, research and insights of experts. The first part of the book sets out the major issues facing national machineries at the conceptual level. It reflects upon five aspects of democratization: devolution or decentralization; the role of political parties; monitoring and auditing systems; and the importance of increasing the presence of women within institutions of the state and government. The second part is a comparative analysis and sets out the major issues facing national machineries at the political level. A combination of factors, including civil society, state bodies and political actors, need to come together for national machineries to function effectively in the interest of gender equality. Next comes the 'lessons learned' by national machineries in mainstreaming gender. National machineries should have an achievable agenda, an important part of which must be 'a re-definition of gender issues. The third part contains case studies that build upon the specific experiences of national machineries in different countries. The successful experience of Nordic countries in gender mainstreaming is also discussed.

Open Access (free)
Shirin M. Rai

examines the successful experience of Nordic countries in gender mainstreaming. Åseskog links the attainment of gender equality with the ‘Nordic welfare state model’. She argues that in the Nordic countries, the ‘political view prevails that society can progress in a more democratic direction only when the competence, knowledge, experience and values of both women and men are acknowledged and allowed to influence and enrich developments in all spheres of society’ (p. 148). The argument here is also that a consensus about the equality of men and women within a political

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Open Access (free)
Geir Hønneland and Anne-Kristin Jørgensen

, Northwestern Russia has been more renowned for its environmental degradation than for its abundant resources.18 Since Western journalists were gradually given easier access to this heavily militarised region from the mid-1980s, the black tree stumps of the dying forests around Nikel and Monchegorsk have come to symbolise the sullen environmental state of Russia to many in the West. The nickel smelters of these two towns had virtually killed the forests surrounding them and served as sources of pollution also for the neighbouring Nordic countries and other parts of Russia

in Implementing international environmental agreements in Russia
Open Access (free)
Another awkward partner?
Karl Magnus Johansson

Change. Explaining the Swedish Reorientation on EC Membership (Lund: Lund University Press, 1998); Magnus Jerneck, ‘Sweden – The Reluctant European?’, in: Teija Tiilikainen and Damgaard Petersen (eds), The Nordic Countries and the EC (Copenhagen: Political Studies Press, 1993); Cynthia Kite, ‘Scandinavia Faces EU. Debates and Decisions on Membership 1961–1994’, University of Umeå, Research Report, No. 2/1996; Paul Luif, ‘On the Road to Brussels. The Political Dimension of Austria’s, Finland’s and Sweden’s Accession to the European Union’, Laxenburg Papers, No. 11

in Fifteen into one?
Open Access (free)
Theorising Arctic hierarchies
Elana Wilson Rowe

post-​Cold War diplomacy, it seems that the division between globally ‘small’ or medium-​status states, such as the Nordic countries and Canada, still mattered. In a set of interviews carried out between 2007 and 2011 with diplomats from many Arctic states, Arctic governance participants (broadly construed) were asked who led, who followed and who mattered (Wilson Rowe, 2013b). Interviewees from the non-​great power states (Norway, Canada and Theorising Arctic hierarchies     69 Denmark/​Greenland) were unanimous in underlining the importance of the USA and Russia

in Arctic governance
Elana Wilson Rowe

cooperation and the Arctic Environment. (MFA, Finland, 2015: 3) Sweden’s statement highlights the more oblique way that most of the other Nordic countries addressed the question of broader issues in inter41 national relations between the countries gathered in Iqaluit: ‘there is no 42 Arctic governance Table 2  High-​level statements at the Iqaluit ministerial meeting Polity Addressed conflict? If yes, how? Finland Yes Noted strained international relations, and underlined importance of peace and cooperation in the Arctic. Denmark/​Greenland/​ Faroe Islands No

in Arctic governance
Arantza Gomez Arana

). In terms of enlargement, when it became a member of the EU in 1973, the UK came to the table with a very liberal view. In contrast, when the Iberian countries became members of the EU in 1986, Spain and Portugal came to the table advocating a more protectionist agenda (Woolcock 2005). This was further complicated when the Nordic countries became members of the EU in 1995, although this was somewhat neutralized when the EU enlarged further in 2004. More specifically, the countries that joined in 2004 tended to advocate a less liberal position compared to the Nordic

in The European Union's policy towards Mercosur:
The Albanian mafia
Xavier Raufer

and a banknote counter (of the kind used in banking establishments) were found. This is the usual arsenal of a drugs trafficker, which is exactly Princ Dobroshi’s trade. He is a big-time drug trafficker and for the Norwegian police, Dobroshi ‘controls the Scandinavian drugs market’; to be exact, the northern path of the Balkans route (Turkey–Balkans–Czech Republic–Nordic countries). Dobroshi has imported hundreds of kilograms, even tonnes of heroin into Scandinavia. Arrested in Norway in 1993, Dobroshi was sentenced at the end of 1994 to fourteen years in prison for

in Potentials of disorder
The impact of EU membership and advancing integration
Karin Arts

. The latter trend will be dealt with further in the next section of this chapter. Also, the accession of Austria, Finland and Sweden has increased the number of EU member states that are not tied to a (significant) colonial past and do not necessarily share the automatic attention and preference for Europe’s traditional developing country partners. This came, for example, to the fore in the post-Lomé discussions on the possible extension of the ACP group to non-ACP LDCs (e.g. Bhutan and Nepal), which the Nordic countries were in favour of (van Reisen, 1997: 164; see

in EU development cooperation