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Witchcraft and magic in Enlightenment Europe

This book looks at aspects of the continuation of witchcraft and magic in Europe from the last of the secular and ecclesiastical trials during the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, through to the nineteenth century. It provides a brief outline of witch trials in late seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century Finland. By the second half of the seventeenth century, as the witch trials reached their climax in Sweden, belief in the interventionist powers of the Devil had become a major preoccupation of the educated classes. Having acknowledged the slight possibility of real possession by the Devil, Benito Feijoo threw himself wholeheartedly into his real objective: to expose the falseness of the majority of the possessed. The book is concerned with accusations of magic, which were formalised as denunciations heard by the Inquisition of the Archdiocese of Capua, a city twelve miles north of Naples, during the first half of the eighteenth century. One aspect of the study of witchcraft and magic, which has not yet been absorbed into the main stream of literature on the subject, is the archaeological record of the subject. As a part of the increasing interest in 'popular' culture, historians have become more conscious of the presence of witchcraft after the witch trials. The aftermath of the major witch trials in Dalarna, Sweden, demonstrates how the authorities began the awkward process of divorcing themselves from popular concerns and beliefs regarding witchcraft.

Rhetoric and Identity in James Baldwin’s Revolution from Within
Davis W. Houck

Despite the proliferation of interest in James Baldwin across popular culture and the academy, few, if any, critical studies of his public oratory have been conducted. This is unfortunate and ironic—unfortunate because Baldwin was a marvelous orator, and ironic in that his preferred solution to what ailed whites and blacks as the Civil Rights movement unfolded was thoroughly rhetorical. That is, Baldwin’s racial rhetorical revolution involved a re-valuing of the historical evidence used to keep blacks enslaved both mentally and physically across countless generations. Moreover, for Baldwin the act of naming functions to chain both whites and blacks to a version of American history psychologically damaging to both. Three speeches that Baldwin delivered in 1963 amid the crucible of civil rights protest illustrate these claims.

James Baldwin Review
Sustaining literature
Claire Colebrook

Despite the supposed game-changing nature of the Anthropocene as a geological event, popular culture and literary theory have tended to intensify the supposedly intrinsic value of human agency and survival. If there is a sublimity in the articulation of the Anthropocene it has been predominantly recuperative, where the threat to human existence intensifies a seemingly necessary moral future. To think about material sublimity would be to consider the Anthropocene as an inscriptive event that precludes the lures of redemption that have accompanied the geological stratigraphy. By exploring the logic of literary sustainability, which discloses an intimate relation between survival and destruction, I argue for rethinking the supposedly prima facie value of the future of what has inscribed itself as humanity.

in Literature and sustainability
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From content warning to censorship
Jack Halberstam

? Nowadays students sit at tables, they snack and look at their own screens. They take notes on smart pads or have note takers; they expect entertainment, and unless they are in the presence of an extremely charismatic lecturer, they do not want to sit for hours facing forward while the professor waxes lyrical. Times have changed. Professors rely upon media support. Large lecture courses are punctuated by keynote slide shows and PowerPoints, and examples from popular culture help to illustrate some of the claims that the professor wants to make to increasingly sceptical

in The power of vulnerability
Contemporary Irish and Scottish fiction
Glenda Norquay and Gerry Smyth

learn about the central character is that ‘[you’d] never see Jimmy coming home from town Norquay_10_Ch9 159 22/3/02, 10:06 am 160 Cultural negotiations without a new album or a 12-inch or at least a 7-inch single’ (Doyle 1992b [1987]: 7). The most frequently remarked characteristic of Barrytown’s youth is their familiarity with and desire for non-Irish, late twentiethcentury popular culture, represented throughout the text (and in the above sentence) in the form of English and American music. Also noteworthy, however, are both the movement and the function

in Across the margins
Open Access (free)
Northern Irish fiction after the Troubles
Neal Alexander

Lives: The Stories of the Men, Women And Children Who Died As A Result Of The Northern Ireland troubles (Edinburgh: Mainstream Publishing, 2007). Glenn Patterson, Lapsed Protestant (Dublin: New Island, 2006), p. 88. Richard Bourke, Peace in Ireland: The War of Ideas (London: Pimlico, 2003), p. 193. Ibid., p. 3. Colin Graham, ‘ “Let’s Get Killed”: Culture and Peace in Northern Ireland’, Wanda Balzano, Anne Mulhall and Moynagh Sullivan (eds), Irish Postmodernisms and Popular Culture (Houndmills: Palgrave, 2007), p. 180. Deirdre Madden, One by One in the Darkness (London

in Irish literature since 1990
Open Access (free)
Culture, criticism, theory since 1990
Scott Brewster

and ‘local’ appropriation of international influences, to Neil Jordan’s cinematic version of The Butcher Boy (1998), which ‘captures some of the shock of Ireland’s abrupt baptism into the new global order’ by showing the cataclysmic impact of modernisation on 1960s Ireland.30 In Alan Parker’s The Commitments, the confident familiarity with global popular culture provides an escape route, as Dublin’s Northside identifies with the black underclass in United States, and embraces ‘a new transatlantic freedom’.31 The absence of the Catholic Church and indifference to the

in Irish literature since 1990
Open Access (free)
Blasons d’un corps masculin, L’Ecrivaillon and La Ligne âpre by Régine Detambel
Marie-Claire Barnet

‘god-given gift of literature’ is ironic and points to the relative values attached to high and popular culture (L’Avarice, pp. –).32 What is undermined is the naïveté or pomposity of the juvenile writer, gazing at rock and roll stars or romantic words with absolute faith or blindness and the same lack of distance. The clichés of the Romantic ideal of storms, inner turmoil, and an ethos of pain are irremediably twisted into a modern-age fear with an added ‘frisson’, due to the ‘thrill’ of potential computer crashes at ‘dangerous hours’ (L’Avarice, p. ). What

in Women’s writing in contemporary France
Anu Koivunen, Katariina Kyrölä, and Ingrid Ryberg

political language articulating a felt experience of our time, vulnerability is then also oriented towards the past and a sense of disappointment, betrayal (Hochschild, 2016), and distrust, and of having invested in a narrative that did not keep its promise (Ahmed, 2010; Berlant, 2011). In contemporary popular culture, such emotions are often channelled through recycled and updated versions of the figure of the sad white man or white men in crisis (Faludi, 1999), prompting calls for empathy and compassion, and recognition of white men’s vulnerability (Hagelin, 2013

in The power of vulnerability
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Ethnicity and popular music in British cultural studies
Sean Campbell

-war Britain (CCCS 1982; Gilroy 1987; Hall et al 1978). Much of this work has, in turn, centred on popular culture in general, and popular music in particular (Gilroy 1987: 117–35, 153–222; Hall 1992a; Hebdige 1979, 1987a; Jones 1988). This chapter concerns itself with the ways in which Britain’s multiethnic margins have been handled in British cultural studies, and particularly that strand associated with the Birmingham Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies. Taking popular music as a case study, it explores the field’s reception of immigrant-descended cultural

in Across the margins