Urban transformations and public health in the emergent city examines how urban health and wellbeing are shaped by migration, mobility, racism, sanitation and gender. Adopting a global focus, spanning Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America, the essays in this volume bring together a wide selection of voices that explore the interface between social, medical and natural sciences. This interdisciplinary approach, moving beyond traditional approaches to urban research, offers a unique perspective on today’s cities and the challenges they face. Edited by Professor Michael Keith and Dr Andreza Aruska de Souza Santos, this volume also features contributions from leading thinkers on cities in Brazil, China, South Africa and the United Kingdom. This geographic diversity is matched by the breadth of their different fields, from mental health and gendered violence to sanitation and food systems. Together, they present a complex yet connected vision of a ‘new biopolitics’ in today’s metropolis, one that requires an innovative approach to urban scholarship regardless of geography or discipline. This volume, featuring chapters from a number of renowned authors including the former deputy mayor of Rio de Janeiro Luiz Eduardo Soares, is an important resource for anyone seeking to better understand the dynamics of urban change. With its focus on the everyday realities of urban living, from health services to public transport, it contains valuable lessons for academics, policy makers and practitioners alike.
Transnational reflections from Brazilians in London and Maré, Rio de Janeiro
Cathy McIlwaine, Miriam Krenzinger, Yara Evans, and Eliana Sousa Silva
an empty room, throwing her on the bed and throttling her while sexually assaulting her, before she managed to escape. Beyond the workplace, other public places where GBV occurred included cafés and bars (16 per cent), publictransport (10 per cent) and public areas (10 per cent). In Maré, local public spaces (18 per cent) and the streets of the community (10 per cent) were the most commonly identified places where GBV occurred, with only 5 per cent of instances occurring in the workplace and 1 per cent on publictransport. The latter might be explained by high
Inclusive urban energy transformations in spaces of urban
Federico Caprotti, Jon Phillips, Saska Petrova, Stefan Bouzarovski, Stephen Essex, Jiska de Groot, Lucy Baker, Yachika Reddy, and Peta Wolpe
’. These settlements were characterised by little or no service provision by municipalities, were generally outside areas with economic opportunities and were poorly connected by publictransport (Knox et al., 2017 ). While electrification has extended access to modern energy services, some areas remain unconnected or inhabitants do not have the ability to pay for the electricity supplied. In these cases, illegal connections and/or the continued use of traditional fuels thwart universal energy access, let alone a managed low-carbon energy transformation
Learning from communities in informal settlements in Durban, South
Maria Christina Georgiadou and Claudia Loggia
schemes. There are also subsidised houses in urban townships, informal backyard shacks adjacent to formal housing on both public and privately owned land, and rural housing dwellings. Some of the negative consequences of spatial fragmentation and low-density include an inefficient publictransport system with high transport costs per low-income household, inefficient infrastructure and overall environmental pollution (eThekwini Municipality, 2016 ).
Definitions of informal settlements
Informal settlements are defined by physical
The case of community initiatives promoting cycling and walking in São Paulo and London
Tim Schwanen and Denver V. Nixon
in the neoliberalised city, often through prefigurative politics (Yates, 2015 ). Moreover, walking and cycling are, on balance, the most just forms of everyday urban mobility. Even if both are increasingly co-opted by entrepreneurial and speculative urban regeneration efforts, restrictions on access to them and their imprints on cities (air pollution, greenhouse gases, noise, congestion, differentiation between haves and have-nots, evictions and displacement) tend to be considerably lower for them than for publictransport and private automobiles.
atmospheres and the sociality of publictransport. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 28: pp. 270–289.
Boria, E. (2013) Geographers and maps: A relationship in crisis. L’Espace Politique, 21.
[Online] Available at: http://espacepolitique.revues.org/2802 (accessed 3 August
Burns, R. (2014) Moments of closure in the knowledge politics of digital humanitarianism.
Geoforum, 53: pp. 51–62.
Caquard, S. (2014) Cartography II: Collective cartographies in the social media era. Progress
in Human Geography, 38: pp. 141–150.
-resolution colour versions, please see
the Open Access edition at http://doi.org/10.9760/9781526122520.
1 For a more detailed overview of the problems of representation in practices and discourses of mapping, see Del Casino and Hanna (2006).
2 A more contemporary equivalent of the Tabula Peutingeriana perhaps being the nowcommon publictransport maps created in the wake of Henry C. Beck’s 1933 circuit-like
redesign of the London Underground’s various lines: a remarkably clear but also highly
abstract representation of a series of locations with little affordance made to
Urban transformation and public health in future cities
Michael Keith and Andreza Aruska de Souza Santos
mobility are concepts situated in time-spaces and therefore ‘always differentiated and differentiating’. When exploring the wellbeing-mobility nexus in London and São Paulo, the authors demonstrate that in both cities navigating urban spaces can be a barrier to experiencing happiness. Interviews with cyclists in these two cities show how community-led initiatives are filling gaps left by the state in the provision of transport. In São Paulo, for example, while publictransport may be available, there are spaces that are considered unsafe and out of reach despite existing