in 2004, were ‘the best they have been since President RichardNixon first visited Beijing more than 30 years ago’. 15 That is decidedly not how Chinese at the time viewed the relationship. 16 Bush had come into office in January 2001 with a team of neoconservatives who were hawkish on China, and the April 2001 Hainan spy plane collision sent bilateral relations to lows not seen since the Tiananmen Massacre of 1989. Then-Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, muzzled during the delicate negotiations over the release of the plane’s US crew, held a press conference
under President RichardNixon re-established diplomatic ties with China without consultation with Japanese officials.
24 Y. Funabashi , ‘ Obama’s Costly Legacy-Building ’, The Japan Times (9 October 2016 ), www.japantimes.co.jp/opinion/2016/10/09/commentary/japan-commentary/obamas-costly-legacy-building , accessed 10 March 2019.
25 K. Campbell , The Pivot: The Future of American Statecraft in Asia ( New York : Twelve , 2016 ).
26 M. Dian , ‘ The strategic value of the Trans-Pacific Partnership and the consequences of abandoning it for the US role