Pollution, contamination and the neglected dead in post-war Saigon
for their poverty and lack of access to education and social services.
This moralisation extends to discourses on cleanliness and contamination in poor urban areas and graveyard zones. On the other hand,
the term ‘dead zone’ is also used by people who live in these areas
to point out that they have been abandoned by callous authorities
and left behind without any support. In the wake of scandals after
journalists unearthed the problem of cancer caused by industrial
pollution and water contamination in Binh Hung Hoa graveyards,
the official solution has been
not allowed, not wanting to be much bothered with the albatross of a
socialist past. That reaction means neither denial, repression nor forgetting, however. Even this group has been unable to avoid that past,
as it continues to see the dead in films and museum exhibits, and all
the political parties seem periodically beset by well-publicised scandals that demand a fuller reckoning with the past leaders.
An increased level of trust in social relations and in the politicaleconomic order generally is a key condition of democratic authority.