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Owen Davies

existed fairly widely but they were anachronisms. Their pervasive influence was on the wane and once the programme of state education was firmly established their demise would surely follow. Similar views were still being expressed after the Second World War. One commentator wrote in 1946 that although he was ‘delighted with the progress of popular education’, ignorance was still ‘in our rural areas, the great auxiliary of

in Witchcraft Continued
Sabina Magliocco

can provide a point of departure from which to evaluate existing sources and discover new ones. The study of Italian vernacular religion and magic Most of the data on which my chapter is based were collected by Italian ethnologists and folklorists between 1880 and 1980, with interruptions during the First and Second World Wars. The study of folklore is never a politically neutral act, however. The kinds

in Witchcraft Continued
The parliamentary arena
Ami Pedahzur

astray from any democratic framework. In consequence, Western countries in the post-Second World War era became somewhat apprehensive of the party institution and tended to look upon these extremist parties as a substantial threat to democracy. 3 A review of the German Basic Law drafted in the wake of the war confirms this apprehensiveness over the potential threat of radical parties and the democracy’s efforts to defend itself in the face of this threat. Section 21 of the Basic Law (Political Parties) states: 1 The political parties shall

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence
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witchcraft continued
Willem de Blécourt and Owen Davies

theoretically possible that witchcraft also survived in Britain, but that it is just poorly recorded or not at all. The witchcraft chronology of the western Netherlands is actually akin to England, as in both areas the last known cases happened before the Second World War. The eastern parts of the Netherlands, with traces of witchcraft accusations in the 1950s and 1960s, bears more resemblance to Germany and Denmark. There is too little

in Witchcraft Continued
Open Access (free)
The ‘defending democracy’ in Israel – a framework of analysis
Ami Pedahzur

between the two world wars. This designation carried normative implications and was intended to define the legal measures deemed worthy of use by European democracies in order to deal with the growth of fascism. 7 Another term meriting attention is wehr-hafte Demokratie, associated with the democratic constitution adopted by Germany in the wake of the Second World War. In English, the term indicates a ‘defensive’, ‘protective’ or ‘watchful’ democracy. The statutory–judicial interpretation of this construct in Germany was: ‘wehr-hafte Demokratie is one that dos not

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence
From the ‘militant’ to an ‘immunised’ route?
Ami Pedahzur

following the Second World War, and its neighbouring countries, which were subject to Communist rule and are still engaged in the processes of democratisation. Quite unlike the American instance where democratic and liberal values have played a central part in the political culture, for many German citizens who had lived under Communist rule these are unfamiliar values. Therefore, both federal and local governments, together with the notable participation of ‘civil society’ organisations, are striving to fashion anew a democratic political culture by means of the

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence