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Marie Lennersand and Linda Oja

4 Beyond the witch trials Responses to witchcraft in Sweden Responses to witchcraft in late seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Sweden The aftermath of the witch-hunt in Dalarna Marie Lennersand The witch-hunts of the early modern period must have left a profound mark on many local communities. The intense trials and executions which took place during the second half of the seventeenth century were dreadful events that touched many people. All those involved, from the accused and the witnesses to the judges and the clergy, had to make decisions that changed

in Beyond the witch trials
Open Access (free)
Witchcraft and magic in Enlightenment Europe

This book looks at aspects of the continuation of witchcraft and magic in Europe from the last of the secular and ecclesiastical trials during the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, through to the nineteenth century. It provides a brief outline of witch trials in late seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century Finland. By the second half of the seventeenth century, as the witch trials reached their climax in Sweden, belief in the interventionist powers of the Devil had become a major preoccupation of the educated classes. Having acknowledged the slight possibility of real possession by the Devil, Benito Feijoo threw himself wholeheartedly into his real objective: to expose the falseness of the majority of the possessed. The book is concerned with accusations of magic, which were formalised as denunciations heard by the Inquisition of the Archdiocese of Capua, a city twelve miles north of Naples, during the first half of the eighteenth century. One aspect of the study of witchcraft and magic, which has not yet been absorbed into the main stream of literature on the subject, is the archaeological record of the subject. As a part of the increasing interest in 'popular' culture, historians have become more conscious of the presence of witchcraft after the witch trials. The aftermath of the major witch trials in Dalarna, Sweden, demonstrates how the authorities began the awkward process of divorcing themselves from popular concerns and beliefs regarding witchcraft.

The failure and success of a Swedish film diversity initiative
Mara Lee Gerdén

 151 9 THE INVULNERABLE BODY OF COLOUR The failure and success of a Swedish film diversity initiative Ma r a Le e  Ge r dén I n 2016, the Swedish Film Institute launched the Fusion Programme, the aim of which was to promote diversity in Swedish film production. The announcement of the Fusion Programme emphasised innovation, intersectional analysis, and feminist and anti-​racist perspectives on artistic practices. The question of representation is also central, which is reflected in the guidelines for the applicants: ‘Applicants must identify himself [sic] as

in The power of vulnerability
Open Access (free)
White fragility and black social death
Ylva Habel

elucidate the ways in which blackness and black life have become contested, unfathomable ‘objects’ in Swedish mainstream media debates. I locate my discussion at the interface between those debates, afro-​pessimist legacies and my position as a black film and media scholar before, during, and after the release of the animated children’s film Liten Skär och Alla Små Brokiga [Little Pink and The Motley Crew] (Stina Wirsén, Sweden, 2012). My aim is to examine the ways in which the film’s pickaninny figure, Little Heart, and the hurtfulness of this stereotype were discussed

in The power of vulnerability
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Lesbian citizenship and filmmaking in Sweden in the 1970s
Ingrid Ryberg

 195 11 ABORTION PREVENTION Lesbian citizenship and filmmaking in Sweden in the 1970s I ngr id  Ry be rg I n the late 1970s, in the midst of the so-​called gay liberation era, two pivotal lesbian films were shot in Sweden: the documentary short The Woman in Your Life Is You [Kvinnan i ditt liv är du] (1977), directed collectively by members of the organisation Lesbisk Front [Lesbian Front] in Stockholm, and the short educational fiction Eva and Maria [Eva och Maria] (Marie Falksten, Annalena Öhrström and Mary Eisikovits, 1983), directed by three women who ran

in The power of vulnerability
Open Access (free)
Don’t Ever Wipe Tears Without Gloves as a reparative fantasy
Anu Koivunen

 216 12 THE CARING NATION Don’t Ever Wipe Tears Without Gloves as a reparative fantasy Anu Koi v unen I n February 2013, Swedish author and comedian Jonas Gardell was awarded the prize of ‘Homo of the Year’ by the Swedish Crown Princess Victoria, who was the first ever member of the royal family to attend the annual QX gay gala. An enthusiastic gala audience welcomed her appearance on the stage with cheers and a standing ovation. In her short award speech, Crown Princess Victoria proclaimed a wish: ‘Your message is clear. Straighten your back. Reach out your

in The power of vulnerability
The ambivalence of queer visibility in audio- visual archives
Dagmar Brunow

 175 10 NAMING, SHAMING, FRAMING? The ambivalence of queer visibility in audio-​visual archives* Dag m ar  Brunow T his chapter looks at the dynamics of visibility and vulnerability in audio-​ visual heritage. It analyses how film archives in Sweden and the UK, following their diversity policies, address and mobilise the notion of queer, recognising and making visible queer lives, history and cinema, and how they negotiate the risks of increased visibility. In this approach, the archive is positioned as an object of analysis, shifting the focus on the archive

in The power of vulnerability
Anu Koivunen, Katariina Kyrölä, and Ingrid Ryberg

relational, embodied subject and redefined autonomy as a critique of liberal individualism and modes of rationality (Anderson, 2003; Hutchings, 2013; Mackenzie, 2014; Nussbaum, 1986; Shildrick, 2002). Furthermore, links with paternalism and discourses of victimisation have been problematised by focusing on vulnerability and resistance as interlinked (Butler et al., 2016: 6), and by rethinking vulnerability as ‘productive’, as the Swedish research programme ‘Engaging Vulnerability’,3 funded by the Swedish Research Council for a full decade, suggests. Similarly

in The power of vulnerability
Johanna Gondouin, Suruchi Thapar-Björkert, and Ingrid Ryberg

adoption. The six episodes of approximately one hour each of China Girl were screened at the Cannes film festival in May 2017, and have since been shown on the BBC, Sundance TV, and Swedish national television (SVT),  117 The politics of reproduction 117 among others. The first season was a critical success, praised for its visual power, emotional depth, and outstanding acting. The second has also been well received, although slightly less enthusiastically. China Girl has been praised by feminist critics for its radical depiction of the experiences of women as well

in The power of vulnerability
Open Access (free)
Precedents to sustainability in nineteenth-century literature and culture
John Parham

anxiety about whether we, humans, could sustain ourselves while the project of civilisation or modernity continued on its way and as an attempt to find practical solutions by which we might sustain human being. One of the particularly interesting aspects of Grober’s analysis is the revelation that, invariably, the philosophical speculations described above were underpinned by practical considerations. The cultural context underlying Linnaeus’ The Oeconomy of Nature was the defeat of Sweden in the Great Northern War in 1721. Rampant Swedish militarism in central Europe

in Literature and sustainability