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José Luís Fiori

the State Department, together with the Pentagon, the CIA and other security and intelligence organs of the US government, as well as the Department of Commerce and the Department of the Treasury. To grasp its importance, it is necessary to distinguish it from the eccentric and unpredictable character of Donald Trump. But it is also necessary to recognise that it would take a character like Trump to bring about such a break from the history and tradition of US foreign policy. From a strictly academic perspective, the new strategy document looks

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Author: Sara De Vido

The book explores the relationship between violence against women on one hand, and the rights to health and reproductive health on the other. It argues that violation of the right to health is a consequence of violence, and that (state) health policies might be a cause of – or create the conditions for – violence against women. It significantly contributes to feminist and international human rights legal scholarship by conceptualising a new ground-breaking idea, violence against women’s health (VAWH), using the Hippocratic paradigm as the backbone of the analysis. The two dimensions of violence at the core of the book – the horizontal, ‘interpersonal’ dimension and the vertical ‘state policies’ dimension – are investigated through around 70 decisions of domestic, regional and international judicial or quasi-judicial bodies (the anamnesis). The concept of VAWH, drawn from the anamnesis, enriches the traditional concept of violence against women with a human rights-based approach to autonomy and a reflection on the pervasiveness of patterns of discrimination (diagnosis). VAWH as theorised in the book allows the reconceptualisation of states’ obligations in an innovative way, by identifying for both dimensions obligations of result, due diligence obligations, and obligations to progressively take steps (treatment). The book eventually asks whether it is not international law itself that is the ultimate cause of VAWH (prognosis).

Open Access (free)
Reconceptualising states’ obligations in countering VAWH
Sara De Vido

difficult to cross in individual cases. 74 Report E.CN.4/Sub.2/1987/23. See the evolution in O. De Schutter, International Human Rights Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014) p. 280. 75 H. Shue, Basic Rights, Subsistence, Affluence, and US Foreign Policy (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1980) p. 52. 76 GC No. 22, para. 40. 77 GC No. 22, para. 42. 78 GC No. 22, para. 45. 79 Limburg Principles on the Implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, Maastricht, 2–6 June 1986, UN doc. E/ CN.4

in Violence against women’s health in international law