. conclusion.p65 263 16/09/02, 09:28 264 EXPLANATIONS Notes 1 P. Summerfield, Reconstructing Women’s Wartime Lives (Manchester University Press, 1998), p. 96. 2 In a comparison of resource mobilization in Britain, Germany, the USA and the USSR, M. Harrison concluded that Britain had 45.3 per cent of its working population in war-related work, alongside the USA’s 35.4 per cent and Germany’s 37.6 per cent and the USSR’s 54 per cent. See M. Harrison, ‘Resource Mobilization for World War II: the USA, UK. USSR, and Germany’, The Economic History Review, vol. 41, no. 2, 1988

in Half the battle
Polio in Eastern Europe

Hungary, in the USSR, in Czechoslovakia and the German Democratic Republic. Papers Presented at the Hungarian-Soviet Medical Conference September 24–30, 1960 , ed. J. Weissfeiler (Budapest: Publishing House of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 1961). 32 F. Prezmycki, ‘Poland’, in Minculescu, A Ragályos

in The politics of vaccination
The CDC’s mission to Cold War East Pakistan, 1958

lymph under refrigeration, the vaccine furnished by the Soviet Union (USSR) came freeze-dried – a promising new mode unaffected by ambient temperatures. 24 Smaller amounts of cholera vaccine were also sent, including one million doses from the People's Republic of China. 25 Table 1.1 Major donors of smallpox vaccine to East Pakistan, spring 1958

in The politics of vaccination
Legality and legitimacy

four Allied occupation zones under Control Council Law No. 10, which allowed each occupying authority to carry out trials of persons held in its custody. Individual states that held war crimes trials in Europe and in Asia included the US,9 the UK,10 Australia, Nationalist China, France, Greece, the Netherlands, Poland, and the USSR.11 Since the 1940s, war crimes trials have been spasmodic at the national level but in the 1980s and 1990s there was a resurgence of prosecutions in Australia,12 Canada,13 and a number of European states.14 The passage of more than half a

in Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000

. 13 The Alma-Ata Declaration of 1978 emerged as a major milestone of the twentieth century in the field of public health, and it identified primary health care as the key to the attainment of the goal of ‘Health for All’. See WHO, ‘Declaration of Alma-Ata. International Conference on Primary Health Care, Alma- Ata, USSR, 6–12 September 1978’, www

in The politics of vaccination

was superfluous or undesirable. Teodor Shanin, the Lithuanian-born Professor of Sociology, arranged in 1989 for young Soviet sociologists to attend summer schools in Manchester and to rectify, on behalf of Gorbachev’s regime, the shortage of sociologists in the USSR which had occurred ‘in the generation of Brezhnev’. Sociology had then been proscribed as a bourgeois discipline, thus creating an extraordinary generation gap, for leading Soviet sociologists were either in their sixties or in their twenties, with nobody in between. Despite its desire to see an end of

in A history of the University of Manchester 1973–90

Vice-President, who was on a visit to London, that ‘the key to peace’ in Vietnam ‘lay through the Soviet Union and the key to the Soviet Union lay with Britain’. He felt that in February he had had ‘a real opportunity to act as a middleman between the US and USSR to reach a negotiated settlement’. Wilson said that he had been ‘considering the possibility of moving toward the middle, between the two nations, on Vietnamese

in A ‘special relationship’?
Defending Cold War Canada

always a necessity. A vivid example was the IODE’s reaction to the visit of the Very Reverend Hewlett Johnson, the dean of Canterbury. The ‘Red Dean’ was worrisome because as ‘a tireless apologist for the USSR’ his cross-country speaking tour of Canada in 1948 ‘attracted large “respectable” audiences and inspired the formation of groups that became local branches of the Peace Congress’. 40

in Female imperialism and national identity

Nigeria, with the aim, ‘to modernize it swiftly by deploying large economic resources for the region – after the TVA model or the alleged achievements of the USSR in its “colonial territories”’. 40 This proposal was firmly rejected by Caine, Bourdillon and Howitt, and instead Caine called for the rejection of the, ‘“revolutionary” industrialization of selected territories’, in favour of ‘evolutionary development of a variety of industries in a large number of dependencies’. The idea of the gradual evolution of industry indicated that much of the initiative for the

in Science at the end of empire
Open Access (free)
La colonie Française

beg any further questions about the loyalty of colons in Britain. Berlin quickly abandoned any further collaborationist dealings with Vichy to concentrate on prosecuting the invasion of the USSR. When Hitler resumed his interest in France in April the following year, bringing Laval back to power, it was obvious to everyone the extent to which the marshal’s government was now subject to German domination. The round-up of Jews and the deportation of French labour to Germany only confirmed France’s status as a milch cow in the Nazi empire. As such, neither Vichy nor

in The forgotten French