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Embodying the disappeared of the Argentinian dictatorship through law
Sévane Garibian

the Federal Chamber in La Plata, where more than 2,000 disappearances were later the subject of public sessions every Wednesday.22 At Argentina’s further initiative, the United Nations Com­ mission on Human Rights adopted on 20 April 2005 the first resolution on the right to the truth. Argentina is one of the states that worked hardest for the adoption of the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, in 2006,23 which enshrines the right of each relative to know the truth regarding the circumstances of the enforced

in Human remains and mass violence
The status of bodies in the aftermath of the Khmer Rouge genocide
Anne Yvonne Guillou

made entirely from human skulls which was for many years mounted on a wall of the museum of the genocide at Tuol Sleng prison. Following the 1991 peace accords, which were signed by all parties, including the Khmer Rouge guerrillas, still known as the Party of Democratic Kampuchea, and the placing of Cambodia under United Nations supervision, any reference to the genocide was not allowed in official documents. The state memorials fell into HRMV.indb 152 01/09/2014 17:28:41 The Khmer Rouge genocide  153 disrepair. More than fifteen years later, in 2007, at the end

in Human remains and mass violence
The forensic and political lives of secondary mass graves in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Admir Jugo and Sari Wastell

proffered by The Final Report of the United Nations Commission of Experts to the Former Yugoslavia, where a mass grave is defined as two or more individuals sharing the same permanent internment, the physical characteristics of which prevent movement of the bodies by natural elements within the grave, returning to a concern for numbers and forensics, but to the exclusion of social concerns like those intimated in Skinner’s definition.8 Whether this definition foreshadowed or even prefigured the legal and political agendas that would surround the exhumation of mass graves

in Human remains and identification
Open Access (free)
Victim, witness and evidence of mass violence
Caroline Fournet

International legislation Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, United Nations, 1948. Approved and proposed for signature, ratifica­ tion or accession by the General Assembly of the United Nations, Resolution 260 A (III) of 9 December 1948 (entry into force 12 January 1951) Draft Convention on the Crime of Genocide, General Secretariat of the United Nations, 26 June 1947, UN Doc. A/AC.10/41 Draft Convention on the Crime of Genocide, United Nations General Assembly, Note by the Secretary General, 25 August 1947, UN Doc. A/362 (appendix II

in Human remains and mass violence
Open Access (free)
The politics of exhumation in post-genocide Rwanda
Rémi Korman

 teams Set up in November 1994 by the United Nations Security Council, the ICTR is dedicated to pursuing and judging those responsible for the genocide. Right from the start, the Office of the Prosecutor decided to focus its efforts on material evidence. For this reason, the use of forensic investigations was encouraged. For the Office of the Prosecutor, such investigations would allow it to counter the classic defence deployed by the accused right from the beginning in 1994, namely to claim that the massacres were committed as a result of ‘popular anger’ or an ‘inter

in Human remains and identification
The disposal of bodies in the 1994 Rwandan genocide
Nigel Eltringham

the Arusha Accords and in October the United Nations Security Council authorized 2,500 peacekeepers (the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda, UNAMIR) to oversee the installation of the new multi-party government.34 On 21 October, the recently elected President of Burundi, Melchior Ndadaye (a Hutu), was assassinated by Tutsi army officers.35 Two days later, at an MDR-Power rally, Frodauld Karamira (second Vice-President of the MDR) rejected the Arusha Accords and declared that ‘we have plans “to work”’ (kill Tutsi).36 In 1992 the Mouvement Républicain

in Human remains and mass violence
Contested narratives of the independence struggle in postconfl ict Timor-Leste
Henri Myrttinen

outcry over the violence led to the deployment of an international peacekeeping force and the establishment of a temporary UN administration, the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET). After two and a half years under UN tutelage, Timor-Leste regained its independence on 20 May 2002. According to the estimates of the Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation of Timor-Leste (Comissão de Acolhimento, 98 Henri Myrttinen Verdade e Reconciliacão de Timor-Leste – CAVR), the conflict between 1975 and 1999 had cost the lives of upwards

in Governing the dead
Corpse, bodypolitics and contestation in contemporary Guatemala
Ninna Nyberg Sørensen

Arbitrary Executions, Mission to Guatemala’, United Nations General Assembly, A/HRC/4/20/add.2. Bateson, R., 2010, ‘Crime, Impunity, and the Popular Deligitimization of Human Rights in Guatemala’, paper presented at the 39th International Congress of the Latin American Studies Association, Toronto, Canada, 6–9 October 2010. Bunker, R. J. and J. P. Sullivan, 2010, ‘Cartel Evolution Revisited: Third Phase Cartel Potentials and Alternative Futures in Mexico’, in R. J. Bunker (ed.), Narcos over the Border: Gangs, Cartels and Mercenaries, pp. 30–54 (Abingdon: Routledge

in Governing the dead
Mass graves in post-war Malaysia
Frances Tay

investigation involving mass graves has led to the adoption of specific protocols, much of which has been established through experience by organizations such as the Physicians for Human Rights. In 1991, the United Nations introduced an examination protocol in its ‘Manual on effective prevention and investigation of extra-legal, arbitrary and summary executions’. See N. Collins, ‘Giving a voice to the dead’, Human Rights, 22:1 (1995), p. 48; and W. Haglund, M. Connor & D. Scott, ‘The archaeology of contemporary mass graves’, Historical Archaeology, 35:1 (2001), 57

in Human remains and identification
Regnar Kristensen

of the dead corpses are analysed together that we find another more profound reason why the Mexican military and the Beltrán Leyva and Los Zetas cartels were so preoccupied with this particular corpse.12 Notes 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 From 2002 to 2005 the author worked as an international expert on drug and crime related issues at United Nations Regional Office on Drug and Crime (UNODC) in Mexico City. In 2008 he returned to Mexico City to conduct a full year of ethnographic fieldwork on criminal gangs’ religious practices, which resulted in his PhD

in Governing the dead