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Introduction Kosovo is not a security issue for Europe only: it must be seen in the context of global political processes. In this chapter, I argue that Kosovo was an episode in the long-term process of the domestication and marginalisation of the United Nations (UN) by the United States. These relations of domination are underpinned by Manichean dichotomous myths of good

in Mapping European security after Kosovo

In the story of post-Cold War conceptual confusion, the war in and over Kosovo stands out as a particularly interesting episode. This book provides new and stimulating perspectives on how Kosovo has shaped the new Europe. It breaks down traditional assumptions in the field of security studies by sidelining the theoretical worldview that underlies mainstream strategic thinking on recent events in Kosovo. The book offers a conceptual overview of the Kosovo debate, placing these events in the context of globalisation, European integration and the discourse of modernity and its aftermath. It then examines Kosovo's impact on the idea of war. One of the great paradoxes of the war in Kosovo was that it was not just one campaign but two: there was the ethnic cleansing campaign in Kosovo and the allied bombing campaign against targets in Kosovo and all over Serbia. Serbia's killing of Kosovo has set the parameters of the Balkanisation-integration nexus, offering 'Europe' (and the West in general) a unique opportunity to suggest itself as the strong centre that keeps the margins from running away. Next, it investigates 'Kosovo' as a product of the decay of modern institutions and discourses like sovereignty, statehood, the warring state or the United Nations system. 'Kosovo' has introduced new overtones into the European Weltanschauung and the ways in which 'Europe' asserts itself as an independent power discourse in a globalising world: increasingly diffident, looking for firm foundations in the conceptual void of the turn of the century.

Editor’s Introduction

, provided particularly American inspiration for the post-war development of liberal global governance. 1 But the principles of great-power trusteeship and balancing, reflected in the Dumbarton Oaks proposals in 1944, were decisive in the creation of the United Nations. 2 Despite the early proliferation of liberal institutions under the aegis of the UN, Cold War prerogatives undermined cosmopolitan aspirations for world government. Cancelling each other out in the Security Council, the US and the Soviet Union prioritised bilateral negotiations. UN

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design

). Betts , A. and Bloom , L . ( 2014 ), ‘ Humanitarian Innovation: The State of the Art ’, in OCHA Policy and Studies Series ( New York : United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs ). Boltanski , L. and Chiapello , E . ( 2005 ), The New Spirit of Capitalism ( London and New York : Verso . Original edition , 1999 ). BOND ( 2003 ), Joint statement by members of the International Global Security and Development Network on the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), ‘A

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector

), IASC Non-Binding Guidelines on the Use of Armed Escorts for Humanitarian Convoys . Geneva and New York : Inter-Agency Standing Committee . IASC ( 2015 ), Saving Lives Together: A Framework for Improving Security Arrangements among International Non-Governmental Organisations/International Organisations and the United Nations . Geneva and New York : Inter-Agency Standing Committee . IASC ( 2016 ), IASC Policy on Protection in Humanitarian Action . Geneva and New York : Inter-Agency Standing Committee . ICRC ( 1999 ), Staying Alive: Safety and Security

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War

Security Baseline Assessment for Sudan and South Sudan, 2014 : 6). After partially evacuating its team on 20 December, MSF-H adapted its operations to the new context: the organisation deployed a new team to Bentiu State Hospital to support surgical activities managed by the hospital’s regular staff and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). It also set up a primary healthcare clinic inside the local Protection of Civilians (PoC) site, run and secured by the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), where about 8,000 people had sought shelter amid

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local

– within the private sphere of their homes and local communities. The withdrawal and deterioration of UNRWA services available in the public sphere is ultimately paralleled by the increasing demand on Palestinian individuals, families and communities to be self-sufficient, in spite of the long-standing (and arguably increasing) precarity of their situations. UNRWA: A Brief Background UNRWA was established by UN General Assembly (UNGA) Resolution 302 (IV) in December 1949, as one of two UN agencies (the other being the United Nations Conciliation

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order

who are affected by natural disasters and conflicts. ( United Nations, 2015 ) None of this is going to happen and we all know it. This sense of the show going on, of the need to ‘perform’ hope, possibility, redemption, is palpable in these monumental efforts by the ‘humanitarian international’ to present itself to the world. O’Brien called humanitarian norms ‘the last protection against barbarity’. The performance of hope speaks powerfully to the sacredness that is at the core of the whole humanist enterprise. This is the spiritual heart

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

analyses produced by the field, reducing the risk of being caught off-guard if the incident had repercussions for our teams or operations. Challenges NGO Internal Risk-Analysis Capacity Given the abundance of information and analysis produced by the security company, the United Nations Department of Safety and Security (UNDSS), various think tanks, like the International Crisis Group (ICG), and Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN, now The New Humanitarian), it was a challenge for the field teams to maintain their own analysis capacity based on diverse

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Learning from the case of Kosovo

(ICG,1999c; interview with international staff, 2006). The bombardment ended on 10 June after a negotiated withdrawal of Serbian forces from the territory. UN Security Council Resolution 1244 left a United Nations administration (the United Nations Mission in Kosovo – UNMIK) in control of Kosovo pending the resolution of final status. Over 42,000 NATO troops formed a peacekeeping force (KFOR). Serbia, de jure, retained its sovereignty over the territory and thus, technically, Kosovo remained part of the Serbian state. The growth of Kosovo’s war economy Beginning with

in Building a peace economy?