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Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

Entrepreneurship for the 21st Century: Innovation across the Nonprofit, Private, and Public Sectors ( New York : McGraw-Hill ). Ki-moon , B. ( 2016 ), One Humanity: Shared Responsibility, Report of the Secretary-General for the World Humanitarian Summit. Strengthening of the Coordination of Humanitarian and Disaster Relief Assistance of the United Nations, Including Special

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Rethinking Digital Divides by Linda Leung
Antonio Díaz Andrade

and digital technology in the face of scarce literature on the topic when Leung conducted her research (by the time the book was published, substantial research on the matter was available). Following this invitation, the author elaborates on what constitutes a refugee, a legal status that is often contingent on an assessment by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the host country. Through several examples, Leung debunks the myth that all individuals from refugee backgrounds

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Juliano Fiori

, provided particularly American inspiration for the post-war development of liberal global governance. 1 But the principles of great-power trusteeship and balancing, reflected in the Dumbarton Oaks proposals in 1944, were decisive in the creation of the United Nations. 2 Despite the early proliferation of liberal institutions under the aegis of the UN, Cold War prerogatives undermined cosmopolitan aspirations for world government. Cancelling each other out in the Security Council, the US and the Soviet Union prioritised bilateral negotiations. UN

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editors’ Introduction
Tanja R. Müller and Gemma Sou

donors indefinitely. Bibliography Bloom , L. and Faulkner , R. ( 2016 ), ‘ Innovation Spaces: Lessons from the United Nations’ , Third World Quarterly , 37 : 8 , 1371 – 8 , doi: 10.1080/01436597.2015.1135730 . Elrha ( n.d. ), Humanitarian Innovation Fund , www

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

). Betts , A. and Bloom , L . ( 2014 ), ‘ Humanitarian Innovation: The State of the Art ’, in OCHA Policy and Studies Series ( New York : United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs ). Boltanski , L. and Chiapello , E . ( 2005 ), The New Spirit of Capitalism ( London and New York : Verso . Original edition , 1999 ). BOND ( 2003 ), Joint statement by members of the International Global Security and Development Network on the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), ‘A

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector
Miriam Bradley

Convoys . Geneva and New York : Inter-Agency Standing Committee . IASC ( 2015 ), Saving Lives Together: A Framework for Improving Security Arrangements among International Non-Governmental Organisations/International Organisations and the United Nations . Geneva and New York : Inter-Agency Standing Committee . IASC ( 2016 ), IASC Policy on Protection in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War
Xavier Crombé and Joanna Kuper

operations to the new context: the organisation deployed a new team to Bentiu State Hospital to support surgical activities managed by the hospital’s regular staff and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). It also set up a primary healthcare clinic inside the local Protection of Civilians (PoC) site, run and secured by the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), where about 8,000 people had sought shelter amid tensions and fear between the different

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

– within the private sphere of their homes and local communities. The withdrawal and deterioration of UNRWA services available in the public sphere is ultimately paralleled by the increasing demand on Palestinian individuals, families and communities to be self-sufficient, in spite of the long-standing (and arguably increasing) precarity of their situations. UNRWA: A Brief Background UNRWA was established by UN General Assembly (UNGA) Resolution 302 (IV) in December 1949, as one of two UN agencies (the other being the United Nations Conciliation

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

, L. ( 2014 ), ‘ Humanitarian Innovation: The State of the Art ’, Occasional Policy Paper ( New York : United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs ). Boano , C. and Perucich , F.V. ( 2016 ), ‘ Half-happy Architecture ’, Viceversa , 4 , 59 – 81

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

who are affected by natural disasters and conflicts. ( United Nations, 2015 ) None of this is going to happen and we all know it. This sense of the show going on, of the need to ‘perform’ hope, possibility, redemption, is palpable in these monumental efforts by the ‘humanitarian international’ to present itself to the world. O’Brien called humanitarian norms ‘the last protection against barbarity’. The performance of hope speaks powerfully to the sacredness that is at the core of the whole humanist enterprise. This is the spiritual heart

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs