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Art and the temporalities of geomedia
Gavin MacDonald

.1).2 Amsterdam RealTime is a key early work in the ‘locative media’ genre: this label was first used in the early to mid-2000s by a community of practice working with GPS in art and open data activism (Hemment, 2006; Tuters and Varnelis, 2006; Zeffiro, 2012; O’Rourke, 2013; Pinder, 2013). This label is still used in this sense and in academic literatures as a synonym for augmented reality, geomedia and neogeography (Crampton, 2009; Thielmann, 2010; Lapenta, 2011). Though GPS had been sporadically used by artists during the 1990s, the US government’s suspension of the

in Time for mapping
Open Access (free)
Learning from communities in informal settlements in Durban, South Africa
Maria Christina Georgiadou and Claudia Loggia

; Frischmann, 2012 ). Self-reliance is also a relevant term associated with community participation and self-help activities. It refers to communities defining and making their own choices through shared knowledge, skills enhancement and planning activism. However, even though ‘bottom-up’, participatory methods for community upgrading are often discussed theoretically in international development discourses, in practice the tools, methodologies and processes needed to ensure a successful upgrade on the ground have not seen widespread dissemination or uptake, particularly in

in African cities and collaborative futures