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James Baldwin Review (JBR) is an annual journal that brings together a wide array of peer‐reviewed critical and creative non-fiction on the life, writings, and legacy of James Baldwin. In addition to these cutting-edge contributions, each issue contains a review of recent Baldwin scholarship and an award-winning graduate student essay. James Baldwin Review publishes essays that invigorate scholarship on James Baldwin; catalyze explorations of the literary, political, and cultural influence of Baldwin’s writing and political activism; and deepen our understanding and appreciation of this complex and luminary figure.

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Mobilising affect in feminist, queer and anti-racist media cultures

The power of vulnerability interrogates the new language of vulnerability that has emerged in feminist, queer and anti-racist debates about the production, use and meanings of media. The book investigates the historical legacies and contemporary forms and effects of this language. In today’s media culture, traumatic first-person or group narratives have popular currency, mobilising affect from compassion to rage to gain cultural visibility and political advantage. In this context, vulnerability becomes a kind of capital, a resource or an asset that can and has been appropriated for various groups and purposes in public discourses, activism as well as cultural institutions. Thus, politics of representation translates into politics of affect, and the question about whose vulnerability counts as socially and culturally legible and acknowledged. The contributors of the book examine how vulnerability has become a battleground; how affect and vulnerability have turned into a politicised language for not only addressing but also obscuring asymmetries of power; and how media activism and state policies address so-called vulnerable groups. While the contributors investigate the political potential as well as the constraints of vulnerability for feminist, queer and antiracist criticism, they also focus on the forms of agency and participation vulnerability can offer.

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Essays on Modern American Literature
Author: David Herd

Modern American literature began with a statement of enthusiasm from Emerson's writing in Nature. 'Enthusiasm', in Emerson, is a knowing word. Sometimes its use is as description, invariably approving, of a historic form of religious experience. Socrates' meaning of enthusiasm, and the image of the enthusiast it throws up, is crucial to this book. The book is a portrait of the writer as an enthusiast, where the portrait, as will become clear, carries more than a hint of polemic. It is about the transmission of literature, showing various writers taking responsibility for that transmission, whether within in their writing or in their cultural activism. Henry David Thoreau's Walden is an enthusiastic book. It is where enthusiasm works both in Immanuel Kant's sense of the unbridled self, and in William Penn's sense of the 'nearer' testament, and in Thoreau's own sense of supernatural serenity. Establishing Ezra Pound's enthusiasm is a fraught and complicated business. Marianne Moore composed poems patiently, sometimes over several years. She is a poet of things, as isolated things - jewels, curios, familiar and exotic animals, common and rare species of plant - are often the ostensible subjects of her poems. Homage to Frank O'Hara is a necessary book, because the sum of his aesthetic was to be found not just in his writing, but also in his actions to which only friends and contemporaries could testify. An enthusiastic reading of James Schuyler brings to the fore pleasure, the sheer pleasure that can come of combining, or mouthing, or transcribing.

Translatina world-making in The Salt Mines and Wildness
Laura Horak

women cultivate survival through strategies of collective care, kinship, and world-​making. Following the insights of the Combahee River Collective, which argued that, ‘If Black women were free, it would mean that everyone else would have to be free since our freedom would necessitate the destruction of all the systems of oppression’ (1986), trans activists have argued that the most vulnerable trans people should be at the heart of trans politics and activism (Spade, 2015:  19). This political attention to vulnerability (e.g. to the structures that produce it, the

in The power of vulnerability
Anu Koivunen, Katariina Kyrölä, and Ingrid Ryberg

this vulnerability is shared, and by whom? Why is #MeToo having an impact only now, with wealthy and often white cis-​women in Hollywood at the forefront of the movement, when the issue of sexual abuse and assault has been a key struggle in feminist, women of colour, and trans activisms for such a long time? What part does social media play in the successes and failures of activist efforts such as #MeToo, and how does it relate to broader media histories of addressing and representing painful issues and marginalised people? One of the keys to the success of the

in The power of vulnerability
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Enthusiasm and audit
David Herd

Afterword: enthusiasm and audit This book has been about the transmission of literature. It has shown various writers taking responsibility for that transmission, whether within their writing or in their cultural activism. The word for both kinds of action has been enthusiasm. Enthusiasm, it has been argued, is integral to what Modern American literature, in particular, knows; enthusiasm being, as each of the writers discussed here has one way or another understood it, the state of mind in which composition is possible. It is also integral to the circulation of

in Enthusiast!
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The ambivalence of queer visibility in audio- visual archives
Dagmar Brunow

notion of ‘minor cinema’ (Brunow, 2015), is used as an umbrella term for such grassroots, independent or community archives founded as a reaction to archival neglect. This form of archival activism set out to make personal memories visible and accessible within the (semi-​)public sphere. While queer minor archives and national heritage institutions are facing similar challenges in the wake of digitisation, they have different approaches to recognising queerness and navigating the ambivalence of queer visibility. First, archivists might lack an insight into LGBTQ

in The power of vulnerability
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Don’t Ever Wipe Tears Without Gloves as a reparative fantasy
Anu Koivunen

coincided with several US documentary films about AIDS activism (United in Anger, 2013; How to Survive a Plague, 2012; Vito, 2011; We Were Here, 2010; Sex in an Epidemic, 2010). Instead of commemorating past political and social mobilisation, Don’t Ever Wipe Tears Without Gloves, as a novel and a TV series, foregrounded public mourning over the loss of lives and communities during the HIV/​AIDS epidemic by depicting a circle of gay friends:  Rasmus, Benjamin, Paul, Seppo, Lars-​Åke, Bengt, and Reine. The three-​part structure of both the novel and the television drama

in The power of vulnerability
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Lesbian citizenship and filmmaking in Sweden in the 1970s
Ingrid Ryberg

practices of lesbian and gay organising of the time, such as coming out, consciousness raising, analysis/​activism and the creation of positive images (see also Ryberg, 2015; 2017). The narrative short Eva and Maria was directed by three women in Gothenburg, Marie Falksten, Mary Eisikovits and Annalena Öhrström, and shot by an entirely female crew. Unlike The Woman in Your Life Is You, the film was carefully scripted and shot on 16mm film during the summers of 1977 and 1978. The editing was completed in 1983. The film tells the story of Eva and Maria, two young women who

in The power of vulnerability
Cardboard publishers in Latin America
Lucy Bell

–8).4 The trans-corporeal flows between human body and nonhuman matter are therefore used as a tool by the catadorpublishers to invoke the participation of the reader, as a call for action and collaboration. 90 Discourses of sustainability (Un)equally environmental perspectives: material agency and human activism If the new materialists’ project is to draw attention to the vitality and quasi-agency of matter, to the ability of the more-than-human environment to produce social, political and economic effects, the aim of the catadorpublishers of Cooperglicério is to

in Literature and sustainability