political agenda. The struggle for women’s right to fight
involves working towards equality within existing structures and rules,
and participating in the mainstream political process alongside men.
On the other hand, women have articulated a feminist agenda
within the context of the women’s peace movement in Israel.
Women’s peace activism represents an oppositional constituency
with roots dating back, in
Paradigms Press, 2008); L. Tsaliki, C. A. Frangonikolopoulos and A. Huliaras
(eds), Transnational Celebrity Activism in Global Politics: Changing the
World? (Bristol: Intellect, 2011).
See the more recent cases of US involvement in Somalia and
Bosnia, in J. Western, ‘Sources of Humanitarian Intervention: Beliefs,
Information, and Advocacy in the US Decisions on Somalia and Bosnia’,
Surveillance and transgender bodies in a post-9/ 11 era of neoliberalism
Transgressions: Legitimizing the Transsexual Body as Productive,’
Dan Irving ( 2013 ) opens with a history of
trans activism by invoking the 1966 Compton’s Cafeteria riot in
San Francisco’s Tenderloin, an event that Susan Stryker ( 2008 : 74–5) has shown to be one of the most
significant acts of collective militant queer resistance to police
harassment. Irving then turns to a series of
Public presence, discourse, and migrants as threat
between Theory and Activism’, ACME: An International
E-Journal for Critical Geographies 11(2): 189–93.
Manoff, R. K. and M. Schudson,
1986. ‘Reading the News’, in R. K. Manoff, and M. Schudson,
eds, Reading the News: A Pantheon Guide to Popular Culture , New
York: Pantheon Books, pp. 3–8.
Mantanika, R. and H. Kouki, 2011.
‘The Spatiality of a Social Struggle in Greece at the
‘thematic’ human rights mechanisms. 88
These developments contributed to increasing legitimacy
of non-governmental human rights activism under the UN umbrella.
Furthermore, beginning with the late 1970s, the number and field
activities of non-governmental development and humanitarian agencies
increased, leading to growing NGO–UN interaction. 89 Yet, the Cold