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Zaira Lofranco

monopolised wartime attention, while other anthropologists documented how shifting borders and border crossings had had unpredictable effects on inhabitants’ production of identity, affiliations and moral maps in ways that often unsettled identity markers like religion, ethnicity and nationality and their political connotations (Ballinger 2003; Pelkmans 2006). As Pelkmans (2006: 73) notes for neighbourhoods caught up in the reconfiguration of the Turkish–Soviet border, ‘discontent focused on more subtle differences that only became obvious in faceto-face communication

in Migrating borders and moving times
Open Access (free)
Tracing relatedness and diversity in the Albanian–Montenegrin borderland
Jelena Tošić

(the village of Sarapovina) to Montenegro in 1465, two years after the Ottomans conquered Bosnia. The grand narration that all agree upon, regardless of confessional and national affiliation, is that Božina Sarap was one of the ‘brave’ men who came to the (still) not occupied ‘Old Montenegrin’/Zeta lands (see Figure 4.1, shaded area) to fight against the Ottomans and protect both Montenegro and Christianity. After conflict and subsequent reconciliation with the local lord Ivan Crnojević,10 Ivan granted Božina a piece of land. This is how Božina settled near Cetinje

in Migrating borders and moving times
Open Access (free)
Why exhume? Why identify?
Élisabeth Anstett and Jean-Marc Dreyfus

exhumation and identification of victims in Bosnia and Herzegovina could themselves disrupt the process while helping to reconstruct Bosnian society as a whole. In a third and final section, contributors examine the stakes arising from exhumations. Nicky Rousseau, who is herself an agent in the transition to justice in South Africa, takes advantage of her dual affiliation as a researcher and a member of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to describe and analyse the socio-political sources of the search for bodies of ANC militants murdered by the police of the

in Human remains and identification
Ideology, physical destruction, and memory
Rémi Korman

culture ethnic affiliation is patrilineal (ethnicity is ‘transmitted’ by the father). In the case of families where the father was a Tutsi, only the Hutu mother could hope to survive. Some women in this situation killed their own children, the latter now considered as ‘children of the enemy’. Conversely, many Hutu husbands were forced to kill their Tutsi wives by the militias in order to save their children. Nicknamed ‘Hutsi’, the latter have subsequently been torn by their dual status as the children of killers and the children of victims of the genocide.16 In some

in Destruction and human remains
Open Access (free)
A war of extermination, grave looting, and culture wars in the American West
Tony Platt

majority of exhumed remains are unidentifiable as to origins or tribal affiliation. From the perspective of Native Americans, there is also considerable ambivalence in pursuing repatriation of corpses. For many elders, the remains are now spiritually as well as physically contaminated. Yurok funeral rites, for example, ensured that the dead did not contaminate the living. Once the dead were buried, the survivors urged their spirits to find a resting place, never to return. Exhumation violates the journey from life to death. There is also a quandary about where reburial

in Human remains and identification
The forensic and political lives of secondary mass graves in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Admir Jugo and Sari Wastell

. By their very nature, these mass graves already divide people into victims and perpetrators. The mass graves of Srebrenica, for example, are the result of ethnic genocide, and as such, articulate and materialize mutually exclusive relations of sociality between groups according to their ethnic affiliation. Thus, survivors of the victims are called upon by the grave itself to isolate, distance, and differentiate themselves from the perpetrators of the crime. The division is further exacerbated where Secondary mass graves in Bosnia and Herzegovina   147 there are

in Human remains and identification