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Jolien Gijbels
Kaat Wils

Ganck on nineteenth-century gynaecology in Brussels is one of the sole examples of historical scholarship on medicine’s role in the production of gendered cultural representations. 8 Feminists’ activism to legalise birth control and abortion in Belgium – the third and last theme of this chapter – has received most historical attention, yet their medically informed

in Medical histories of Belgium
Open Access (free)
Joris Vandendriessche
Tine Van Osselaer

Connubii was published, in which the Vatican definitely dismissed all kinds of birth control practices. According to Betta, the Vatican outlined its views on the reproductive body in this period not only as a reaction to an expanding medical discourse on the reproductive body in society, but also as an attempt to produce its own modern norms. 60 While the construction of Catholic

in Medical histories of Belgium
Duncan Wilson

could discuss social and ethical issues with specialists from various professions.73 Encouraged by attendance at these early lectures, he established a student council to select topics for a longer programme in 1964. This ‘representative council’ chose a wide range of topics in 1964 and 1965, including the management of pain and terminal illness, suicide, drug addiction, birth control, reforming the laws for ­homosexuality, patient confidentiality and marriage guidance.74 A ‘consultative council’ comprising senior doctors from the London teaching hospitals then

in The making of British bioethics
Barbra Mann Wall

also were needed to teach birth control and counter the work of Protestants in this arena. Anna Dengel, a sister physician who had worked in India and who actively petitioned the Vatican, was especially concerned about caring for Muslim women who lived in seclusion through the practice of purdah. Thus, the Church finally lifted the ban in 1936.14 The edict made it possible for Marie Martin, an Irish nurse and midwife, to establish the MMM in Nigeria in 1937, with the motherhouse in Drogheda, Ireland. Bishop Charles Heerey, vicar-apostolate in Onitsha and Owerri

in Colonial caring
Polio in Eastern Europe
Dora Vargha

Politics of Duplicity: Controlling Reproduction in Ceausescu's Romania (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998), p. 19. 6 D. Stenvoll, ‘Contraception, Abortion and State Socialism: Categories in Birth Control Discourses and Policies’, Kansai Univ. Rev. L. & Pol. , 28 (2007); R. Dudova, ‘Regulation of

in The politics of vaccination
Elisha P. Renne

. 74 This method of enticement backfired in Niger State when rumours that ‘children could be initiated through petty offerings of sweets and biscuits’ into secret cults, a practice called shafi milera . This situation ended this practice in the Niger State Immunization Plus program; R. Leo and J. L. Okafor, ‘Weighty Effects of Birth Control on Polio Eradication’, Daily Trust (10 July

in The politics of vaccination
Coreen Anne McGuire

, football pools, betting and gambling, birth control and rubber goods, clairvoyants, astrology and palmistry, foreign agricultural produce, offers of employment, private telephone installations, money lenders, illustrations of Royal Family, questionable or controversial books and periodicals, political advertisements, offers of employment, annuity business and patent medicines. They further restricted advertisements for building societies, anti-vivisection, electro-radiant treatment, parcel deliveries and corsets and lingerie. See ‘Restriction to Post Office Advertising

in Measuring difference, numbering normal
Thomas D’haeninck
Jan Vandersmissen
Gita Deneckere
, and
Christophe Verbruggen

should also be searching for ways to protect and improve national health. This resulted in the emergence of new scientific medical disciplines, domains and practices like eugenics, craniology, pre-marital check-ups, birth control for disabled people, periodic medical examination, the sterilisation of abnormalities and social prophylaxis in order to prevent venereal diseases and ‘racial

in Medical histories of Belgium