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The disposal of bodies in the 1994 Rwandan genocide

persons become metamorphosed into specimens of the [category] for which they are supposed to stand’.55 In other words, it is through ante-mortem degradation, particular forms of killing and/or post-mortem mutilation that ‘categorical certainty’ is achieved.56 Genocidal violence is, therefore, not simply a matter of eliminating the ethnic other; rather, it ‘involves the use of the body to establish the parameters of this otherness, taking the body apart to divine the enemy within’.57 In the case of Auschwitz, for example, there had to be a ‘demolition of a man’ in order

in Human remains and mass violence

-ethnic patterns of divide in BiH (Maček 2001; Stefansson 2007). See also Henig (2012), who deals with post-socialist influence on neighbourly relations in a rural context. 7 For further information about housing entitlements in shifting political systems, see Lofranco 2013. 8 Islamic commemoration of the deceased and celebration of the Prophet Mohammed’s birth. References Appadurai, A. (1996) Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Appadurai, A. (1998) ‘Dead certainty: ethnic violence in the era of globalization

in Migrating borders and moving times
Time and space in family migrant networks between Kosovo and western Europe

be re-established across polity borders without involving material flows from migrants to villagers.3 Cross-border marriages opened up a ‘marriage-scape’, which created (a hoped-for utopia of) joint, villager–migrant temporal space. Here, polity borders furnished incentives for new forms of solidarity, exchange and communication. The certainty that migrants would come home once a year to enjoy themselves and relax also affected the village’s temporality. Every summer, for a few weeks, the village was suddenly upgraded to modernity. In so far as Kosovo then became

in Migrating borders and moving times
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Victim, witness and evidence of mass violence

male; this was a decisive element in this case for the qualification of genocide, the men of Srebrenica having been targeted to ensure the extinction of the group as a whole: The forensic evidence supports the Prosecution’s claim that, following the take-over of Srebrenica, thousands of Bosnian Muslim men were summarily executed and consigned to mass graves. Although forensic experts were not able to conclude with certainty how many bodies were in the mass graves, due to the level of decomposition that had occurred and the fact that many bodies were mutilated in the

in Human remains and mass violence