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AR LIFE-COUR SE IMPER ATIVE 37 In Julius Roth’s study of the temporal experiences of patients in hospital, Roth was particularly interested in how the structure of time imposes certainty and predictability upon the trajectories of hospitalized patients: One way to structure uncertainty is to structure the time period through which uncertain events occur. Such a structure must usually be developed from information gathered from the experience of others who have gone or are going through the same series of events. As a result of comparisons, norms develop for the

in A table for one
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liminal and uncertain social position. The liminal stage, as Turner (1969) notes, is characterized by ambiguity and inversion resulting from an anomaly wherein people slip through networks of classification. While marriage is commonly regarded as a charted and planned passage, permanent or prolonged singlehood is often viewed as an emergent, unplanned life trajectory. Thus, the above quoted paragraph conveys certainty and uncertainty at the same time. The writer predicts that it is just a “question of time” until she finds her one, but she has no knowledge as to where

in A table for one
The case of mitochondrial transfer

moral argument available in favour of the procedure. Taking this line allows the supporter of liberalisation to turn the claim about the role of the state in protecting citizens from risk on its head. The question then becomes one not so much of whether we should liberalise the regulations, as about what a reasonable level of certainty concerning the safety of the procedure is. Yet how we should establish what is reasonable is a puzzle in itself, there being no obvious rubric for settling the matter. One might be tempted to appeal to an ideal of open debate, the

in The freedom of scientific research
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Environmental managerialism and golf’s conspicuous exemption

difficult to ascertain with complete certainty whether and the extent to which policy makers are swayed by lobbyists. Nevertheless, it is noteworthy that the IPM provision was one clearly favoured by industry in the prelude to the Cosmetic Pesticides Ban Act. As CGSA Director Ken Cousineau wrote in 2008, the CGSA, Royal Canadian Golf Association, National Golf Course Owners Association, and two Ontario-based turfgrass groups offered responses to the government’s initial proposals on the law. One shared element

in The greening of golf
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aspects of the social world. Everything that is done, and every description in whatever form, has consequences for the ‘moving target’ of identity. There is no certainty in those consequences, but there is a certainty that there will be consequences, and that stasis is impossible. So human responsibility remains, and inaction is only a particular species of action. There is no such thing as ‘a mere observer’ and the highest and shiniest of ivory towers is as much a part of the human market place as the loudest huckster's stall. The dimensions of identity and the

in Cultivating political and public identity
The case of Maghrebi Muslims in France

not be suspicious and should refrain from inquiring about the composition of the food served. In these more-or-less subtle debates, there seems to be but a single certainty: pork is haram. The plurality of such social definitions of halal products explains why there are several halal certifications and why all attempts to reduce them to one have thus far failed. Currently, in France, fresh meat is sold mainly according to ‘domestic convention’, while processed foods and poultry are sold according ‘industrial convention’, though this situation may well change in the

in Qualities of food
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A reminder from the present

Dublin. People in the Republic may pretend to be benign about Northern Ireland but that will all change if and when a united Ireland is realised and brings with it new forms of territorial division and political dispute. The only thing that can, perhaps, be said with any certainty about Irish history, then, is that it is rather far from being at an end. Notes 1 R. Kearney, Postnationalist Ireland: Politics, Culture, Philosophy (London: Routledge, 1997). 2 B. O’Leary, ‘Comparative political science and the British–Irish Agreement’, in J. McGarry (ed.), Northern Ireland

in The end of Irish history?
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Another time

alternative Israeli “single-by-choice” websites and active bloggers who convey these messages. However, there are a few signs that indicate the possibility of a slow parallel transformation in Israel. For example, Rotem Lior, writing on the Ynet portal, introduces herself in the following way: Let me introduce myself: I am Rotem, a single woman not just by choice or a conscious decision but as a result of my very own will. Why? It’s just in my nature. I prefer question marks to exclamation marks, expectation over certainty, and lust over statistics … Do people believe me

in A table for one

living with HIV among HIV patients has changed their orientation towards time and the ways in which they seek to compensate for the loss of the temporal assumptions that existed prior to the diagnosis. Davies has found that when a person receives a diagnosis of HIV, they are immediately taken aback by the certainty of the assumed futurity of their existence. Becker argues poignantly that when things are synchronized, time can go unnoticed, yet when it is disrupted it becomes visible. These varied perspectives provide rich insight into how hegemonic perceptions of time

in A table for one
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Becoming an “old maid”

-course from now on, their life span is endowed with clarity and certainty: aging alone and dying alone. The tyranny of age The data analysis thus far demonstrates the power of familial, heteronormative, ageist, and sexist norms in construing the category of the “aging single woman.” However, some of the single women writing for Ynet do not conform to these hegemonic discourses, instead challenging them in various ways. One apt example is a text written by Rotem, one of the columnists mentioned above, who defines herself as “a thirtysomething content single woman” (Lior 2006

in A table for one