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  • Manchester History of Medicine x
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Christine E. Hallett

Evelyn Luard (known to her colleagues as ‘Kate’) might be viewed as a typical member of the early-twentieth-century British nursing elite.4 Born into the Victorian gentry, her upbringing imbued her with a sense of an inextricable link between privilege and service. Her father, the Revd Bixby Garnham Luard, was a member of the Anglican clergy, and in 1872, the year of Kate’s birth, the family was living in Aveley Vicarage in Essex. Kate was the tenth of thirteen children and, while still young, she moved with her family to Birch Rectory, a large and comfortable living

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
Duncan Wilson

‘common link’ who facilitated debates between ‘experts in different disciplines and from different occupations’. This was especially the case for discussions of medical and biological research, which Ramsey considered to be the major source of ‘frontier problems’ in the 1960s and 1970s.65 Throughout the 1960s this belief led Ramsey to extend his work with the Church of England reports and play a ‘prominent part’ in efforts to promote collaboration between doctors, scientists, the clergy and others in a range of settings.66 During 1962 and 1963, for instance, he was on a

in The making of British bioethics
Open Access (free)
Joris Vandendriessche and Tine Van Osselaer

the Belgian Congo. In the latter society as well, both doctors and clergy were involved. Yet, they also conclude that this apostolate was above all a propagated ideal that was difficult to put into practice in the colonial context itself. 71 In the 1930s, these new spaces of sociability testified of intense interactions between clergy and doctors, both on the national and the

in Medical histories of Belgium
Nursing and medical records in the Imperial War in Ethiopia (1935–36)
Anna La Torre, Giancarlo Celeri Bellotti, and Cecilia Sironi

, ten orphanages, a professional school, four ‘Villages of Freedom’ (places where slaves who had been freed by religious groups lived), three hospitals, three homes for the elderly and, from 1922, a seminary for the education of the local clergy.37 On the eve of the war, the local health organisation was managed by thirty-three medical doctor priests and fifty-three nurse nuns. Although local missionaries and local clergy were opposing Fascist occupation, in May 1935 the Ethiopian government banned all Catholics from the country. The decision proved to be disastrous

in Colonial caring
The origins and endurance of club regulation
Duncan Wilson

were no philosophers in attendance.119 Religious figures, on the other hand, were more prepared to discuss science and medicine. While no philosophers or lawyers attended the ‘Man and His Future’ symposium, the predominantly 40 The making of British bioethics scientific audience was joined by the Revd H. C. Trowell, curate of Stratford-Sub-Castle, who discussed food allocation and family planning in the developing world.120 Theologians and the clergy were also second only to scientists and doctors in responding to Science and Ethics. In line with the complexity

in The making of British bioethics
American colonial and missionary nurses in Puerto Rico, 1900–30
Winifred C. Connerton

Protestant Christianity. Although the missionaries had different end goals from the colonial government, they worked within the stated tutelary structure to educate Puerto Ricans in the workings of modern governance. Samuel Silva Gotay argues that essential features of Protestantism, such as reading the Bible and worshipping without the hierarchy of ordained clergy, were explicitly political concepts when introduced into a strictly Roman Catholic society. The missionaries themselves, he points out, understood their work in political terms. Literacy would help their

in Colonial caring
Britta Lundgren and Martin Holmberg

population was a concern. A law on vaccination was adopted by Parliament in 1816, one of the most severe in Europe, making smallpox vaccination compulsory for children under the age of 2. The clergy and their assistants were appointed as vaccinators, breaking the monopoly of the medical profession and providing efficient vaccination organisation. 7 The vaccination was very successful and incidents of the disease

in The politics of vaccination
Open Access (free)
The French human sciences and the crafting of modern subjectivity, 1794–1816
Laurens Schlicht

pseudonym of ‘Dracis’, as a writer for the Annales religieuses , where, in 1797, an account was published of his experiences during the September Massacres of 1792. This piece described a riot involving the slaughter of imprisoned enemies of the Revolution, including so-called ‘refractory priests’ like Sicard who had refused the civil constitution of the clergy. Here as well, Sicard painted a picture of an ‘irascible’ people whose misguided actions stemmed solely from their dependence on the opinions of their leaders. 53

in Progress and pathology
Thomas D’haeninck, Jan Vandersmissen, Gita Deneckere, and Christophe Verbruggen

processes, has been identified by Pierre-Yves Saunier as the first circulatory regime. Clergy, political activists, entrepreneurs, academics and politicians exchanged words and experiences in the North Atlantic space. 43 In absence of INGOs, international congresses became the most important form of ‘scientific internationalisation’ in the early and mid nineteenth century. 44 They

in Medical histories of Belgium