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Fateful splitting in the Victorian insanity trial

another person’, challenged the jury to determine who exactly had committed the crime. Seen against the backdrop of a defendant population increasingly ‘missing’ at the time of their crimes, the concept of moral insanity represents much more than a momentary courtroom diversion on the way to the McNaughtan Rules.15 It signalled the beginning 25 Joel Peter Eigen of medical testimony that would question whether intellect, cognition, and will were integrated in any meaningful way. Post-McNaughtan defendants who suffered bouts of amnesia, who committed an assault while

in Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000
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­Nineteenth-Century French Hermaphrodite (Brighton: Harvester Press, 1980), p. xi. ∙ 16 ∙ Introduction 13 Stephen Robertson, ‘What’s Law Got To Do With It? Legal Records and Sexual Histories’, Journal of the History of Sexuality, 14:1/2 (2005), pp. 161–2. 14 Ludwik Fleck, ‘Some Specific Features of the Medical Way of Thinking (1927)’, in Robert S. Cohen and Thomas Schnelle (eds), Cognition and Fact: Materials on Ludwik Fleck (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 1986), pp. 39–46, p. 39. 15 Carol Berkenkotter, Patient Tales: Case Histories and the Uses of Narrative in

in A history of the case study

the Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Ability. 113 Many of these tests enabled comparisons of linguistic and non-linguistic abilities, hence the focus on this aspect of autistic children’s cognition. A typical account of an ‘autistic’ child read ‘probably of high ESN level on non-verbal material [but] … he is grossly retarded in language both in comprehension and expression

in The metamorphosis of autism

restricted language skills. 173 This finding supported various theories put forward since the late 1950s relating language and cognition skills to sex differences. 174 It also added to a growing number of studies examining the effects of testosterone on foetal brain development in both humans and rats following the work of Geschwind and Galaburda. 175 In fact, Baron-Cohen’s work on autism

in The metamorphosis of autism

Zeitung, 19 March 1910, n.p.; [on Das Kind, sein Wesen, seine Entartung und seine Erziehung], Vossische Zeitung, 4 July 1914, n.p.; Max Marcuse, [on Weib als Sexualverbrecherin], Zeitschrift für Sexualwissenschaft, 19:8 (1932), n.p. 40 Ludwik Fleck, ‘Some Specific Features of the Medical Way of Thinking (1927)’, in Robert S. Cohen and Thomas Schnelle (eds), Cognition and Fact: Materials on Ludwik Fleck (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 1986), pp. 39–46, p. 39. 41 ‘Untersuchungspersonen [können] niemals der Vollmann oder das Vollweib [sein], sondern nach biologischer

in A history of the case study