Open Access (free)
Fateful splitting in the Victorian insanity trial
Joel Peter Eigen

another person’, challenged the jury to determine who exactly had committed the crime. Seen against the backdrop of a defendant population increasingly ‘missing’ at the time of their crimes, the concept of moral insanity represents much more than a momentary courtroom diversion on the way to the McNaughtan Rules.15 It signalled the beginning 25 Joel Peter Eigen of medical testimony that would question whether intellect, cognition, and will were integrated in any meaningful way. Post-McNaughtan defendants who suffered bouts of amnesia, who committed an assault while

in Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000
Dorothy Porter

end of the decade, he had codified his psychobiological temperament model in a Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ) and a Tridimensional Character Inventory (TCI), tools that provided the neurobiology of cognition and character with a new framework of investigation. 43 Cloninger's biological hypothesis of character and temperament resonated with investigations into genomic influences on dopamine-dependent cognitive and emotional variation

in Balancing the self
Daktar Binodbihari Ray Kabiraj and the metaphorics of the nineteenth-century Ayurvedic body
Projit Bihari Mukharji

precise bio-anatomical correlates led him to radically alter the original location. Thus in the case of alochaka-pitta , he located it in the ‘optical thalamus’ – a bio-anatomic structure that made little sense in a classical Ayurvedic imagination of the body. What seems to have motivated him is his general reading of the Ayurvedic tradition to make this type of pitta responsible for visual cognition of form. Since the bio-anatomical body of Western medicine held that the actual act of visual cognition took place in the brain and not the eyes themselves, he had to

in Progress and pathology
Open Access (free)
Birgit Lang, Joy Damousi and Alison Lewis

­Nineteenth-Century French Hermaphrodite (Brighton: Harvester Press, 1980), p. xi. ∙ 16 ∙ Introduction 13 Stephen Robertson, ‘What’s Law Got To Do With It? Legal Records and Sexual Histories’, Journal of the History of Sexuality, 14:1/2 (2005), pp. 161–2. 14 Ludwik Fleck, ‘Some Specific Features of the Medical Way of Thinking (1927)’, in Robert S. Cohen and Thomas Schnelle (eds), Cognition and Fact: Materials on Ludwik Fleck (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 1986), pp. 39–46, p. 39. 15 Carol Berkenkotter, Patient Tales: Case Histories and the Uses of Narrative in

in A history of the case study
Open Access (free)
The growth and measurement of British public education since the early nineteenth century
David Vincent

, condition and essentially binary and quantifiable in its incidence. It was taught in specific institutional locations by a defined pedagogy, and it was dissociated from other forms of communication and all forms of learning gained outside the schoolroom. In the course of the twentieth century the term as an adjective was applied more broadly to mutually exclusive cultures, in which entire structures of cognition and behaviour were determined by the presence or absence of a command of reading and writing.28 Although it came to be recognized that the condition could be

in History, historians and development policy
Bonnie Evans

the Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Ability. 113 Many of these tests enabled comparisons of linguistic and non-linguistic abilities, hence the focus on this aspect of autistic children’s cognition. A typical account of an ‘autistic’ child read ‘probably of high ESN level on non-verbal material [but] … he is grossly retarded in language both in comprehension and expression

in The metamorphosis of autism
Bonnie Evans

restricted language skills. 173 This finding supported various theories put forward since the late 1950s relating language and cognition skills to sex differences. 174 It also added to a growing number of studies examining the effects of testosterone on foetal brain development in both humans and rats following the work of Geschwind and Galaburda. 175 In fact, Baron-Cohen’s work on autism

in The metamorphosis of autism
Birgit Lang

Zeitung, 19 March 1910, n.p.; [on Das Kind, sein Wesen, seine Entartung und seine Erziehung], Vossische Zeitung, 4 July 1914, n.p.; Max Marcuse, [on Weib als Sexualverbrecherin], Zeitschrift für Sexualwissenschaft, 19:8 (1932), n.p. 40 Ludwik Fleck, ‘Some Specific Features of the Medical Way of Thinking (1927)’, in Robert S. Cohen and Thomas Schnelle (eds), Cognition and Fact: Materials on Ludwik Fleck (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 1986), pp. 39–46, p. 39. 41 ‘Untersuchungspersonen [können] niemals der Vollmann oder das Vollweib [sein], sondern nach biologischer

in A history of the case study