Association and distinction in politics and religion
visible symbols of the divine, in political structure or in art’. 6 Yet, at the same time, it is the human creation, not the divine infinite, which is accessible to human cognition and perception. Religion may be the word of God, but all its evident or accessible components are the construction of humans – a point made, and causing great offence, in Salman Rushdie's The Satanic Verses . Since the divine can only express itself to humans in human form or to human perception, it can only ever be a human experience and communicated by human creation. The charge
alphabetical script from the Levant are historical illustrations of the processes of transfer of cognition and communication. More deeply
engaged societies can also undergo semantic and grammatical intermixing, cross-
language fertilisation and appropriation, creative adaptation of words and concepts, and phonological transfer. It is rare for invasion and migration to not have
an impact in spreading languages. The Arab tribes of the Fatimid and Abbasid
Caliphates commemorated in Ibn Khaldun’s historical accounts are one example.
A large example is the impact of Europe