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Anna K. Dickson

made it difficult for ACP agricultural exporting states to benefit sufficiently from the preferences. The WTO ruling on bananas also does not appear to take account of the vulnerability of small island economies, such as the Windward Islands. Instead it takes a limited view of the ‘special and differential’ treatment permitted under WTO rules. On the other hand the EU faces external pressure to reform its own agri56 EUD3 10/28/03 2:41 PM Page 57 The unimportance of trade preferences cultural policy while facing internal pressure to maintain a socially acceptable

in EU development cooperation
Structuring self-made offers and demands
Andreas Maurer and Wolfgang Wessels

all EC treaty provisions containing procedural specifications (see Figures 2.3 and 2.4), nearly 25 per cent of the European Commission’s initiatives submitted to both the Council and the Parliament up to December 1998 fell under this procedure.72 This is not only the result of an EP-friendly attitude but is also due to the fact that these provisions are mainly ruled by QMV (except for cultural policy and research policy programmes). The demand for this kind of legislation was thus much 2444Ch2 3/12/02 2:02 pm Page 51 The European Union matters 51 higher than

in Fifteen into one?
Simon Mabon

. 122 Hamid Dabashi, The Arab Spring: The End of Postcolonialism (London: Zed Books, 2012). 123 Hakki Tas, ‘Street Arts of Resistance in Tahrir and Gezi’, Middle Eastern Studies, 53:5 (2017), 802–​19. 124 Ibid., pp. 802–​6. 125 Tripp, The Power and the People. 126 Sadiki, Routledge Handbook of the Arab Spring, p. 4. 127 Judith Butler, Bodies in Alliance and the Politics of the Street (EIPCP, European Institute for Progressive Cultural Policies, 2011). 128 Charlotte Schriwer, ‘Graffiti Arts and the Arab Spring’, in Sadiki, Routledge Handbook of the Arab

in Houses built on sand
Geoffrey K. Roberts and Patricia Hogwood

, norms and standards, social and cultural policies or civil rights, or the extension of harmonisation to new areas of policy. Euro-sceptics challenge the economic, political and social assumptions made by those who favour greater integration, especially with regard to the effects this would have on national economies. However, euro-sceptics do not support British withdrawal from the EU. Eurosclerosis

in The politics today companion to West European Politics