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Christine E. Hallett

fascinated by Russia’s bells: ‘It was said in those days that there were 40 times 40 churches and holy shrines in Moscow, and so you can imagine [on holy days] 40 times 40 bells rang out from all these great and small beautiful architectural edifices. And the whole city was resounding with the music of bells.’23 Hearing Farmborough’s voice, as she recounts her early experiences of Kiev and Moscow, a listener cannot help but be struck by her deep sense of nostalgia. With the hindsight of sixty years, and speaking in a world still fractured by the cold war, in which Eastern

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
Bonnie Evans

‘phantasies’ in relation to their early experiences that led them to repress or divert internal forces and drives, which could manifest problems in later life. Isaacs claimed that from the moment an infant experienced an instinctual urge, he also had the capacity to think about that urge and to imagine the direction it may take. If an instinctual drive was frustrated, then the infant

in The metamorphosis of autism
Open Access (free)
Balance, malleability and anthropology: historical contexts
Chris Millard

the above-mentioned discussions of adaptation and evolution, to the varied concepts of psychoanalysis, where early experiences are said to mould future character and pathology to an enormous extent. This emerges very clearly in child guidance. 18 It is also evident in some strands of sociology – even as part of those ideas that deploy concepts of culture as a measure of civilisation. 19 What I am arguing instead, is that an

in Balancing the self
Christine E. Hallett

brief account of Kate Luard’s early experiences of the First World War, see:  Christine E. Hallett, Veiled Warriors:  Allied Nurses of the First World War (Oxford:  Oxford University Press, 2014): Chapter 1. 25 Anon., Diary of a Nursing Sister: 52–3. On nursing work on hospital trains, see: Hallett, Veiled Warriors: Chapter 1. 26 Anon., Diary of a Nursing Sister: 88–90. 27 Anon., Diary of a Nursing Sister: 206. 28 Anon., Diary of a Nursing Sister: 212. 29 Vera Brittain, Testament of Youth:  An Autobiographical Study of the Years 1900–1925 (London: Virago Press, 2004

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
The short history of Indian doctors in the Colonial Medical Service, British East Africa
Anna Greenwood and Harshad Topiwala

the socio-medical worlds they faced); district medical reports are also very useful (see below, note 33). Very early experiences are recorded in BL IOR/L/MIL/7/12673, H.D. Masani, Report on the Health of the Mombasa Force, including 24th Bombay Infantry, 3 June 1896 and BL IOR/ MIL/7/14462: 1899–1901, Collection 323/40 Promotion of Uganda Railway Hospital Assistant Rahmat Ali

in Beyond the state
Jane Brooks

many illnesses and injuries. If this was aa late as 1944, it is not clear why chemists were still producing crude penicillin. Peake’s oral history is not particularly clear throughout in terms of timelines, so she could have been referring to earlier experiences in the desert. Kevin Brown identifies that the early researchers in Oxford did not have properly designed culture dishes either and that the team obtained biscuit tins, as well as petrol tins and bedpans, in order to grow the mould. Brown, Fighting Fit, loc. 3546. 157 Anonymous, ‘Penicillin in the field

in Negotiating nursing
Open Access (free)
Linda Maynard

while on patrol with Fred, and died soon afterwards. Percy relayed the ‘pain’ in Fred’s voice when telling him of this. Some war traumas had to be shared with trusted confidants. Humour or a light tone deflected familial jitters. It was undeniable, Arthur Sadd admitted to his elder sister, that trench warfare ‘was a bit tiring to the nerves’, but as long as nothing landed within ten to twelve yards, it did not ‘worry you a lot’. 71 Writing to his twelve-year-old sister, Edward Chapman wrote about an early experience of shelling: The attacking party had some

in Brothers in the Great War
Patrick Doyle

The concern for the ‘men of small means’ remained a feature of co-operative rhetoric throughout the early twentieth century. In a letter addressed to Fr Tom Finlay, the IAOS's vice-president, Plunkett argued that the early experience of the co-operative movement ‘united men of the utmost diversity of position, circumstance, interest and opinion’. 16 Ireland's ongoing transition from ‘landlordism to a peasant proprietary’ deprived them of a semblance of social cohesion. 17 Co-operative organisations offered a means to create social cohesion and provided a platform

in Civilising rural Ireland
Jane Brooks

obligations of health in the twentieth century’, in Dorothy Porter, Health, Civilization and the State: A History of Public Health from Ancient to Modern Times (London: Routledge, 1999); Jane Brooks, Chapter 3, ‘Nursing the nation’, in Jane Brooks, ‘“Visiting rights only”: The early experience of nurses in higher education, 1918–1960’ [unpublished PhD thesis] (London: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 2005). 74 Arthur Salusbury MacNalty, ‘Medical research’, in Arthur Salusbury MacNalty and W. Franklin Mellor (eds), Medical Services in War: The Principal

in Negotiating nursing
Expanding the work of the clinics
Caroline Rusterholz

are afraid of an early experience happening to you again. Something that is good now and proper, but the fear still remains. I'd like you to think along those lines. 103 She followed the same type of procedure with each patient, pushing them to explain what was going on in their sexual life and why they were seeking advice. By

in Women’s medicine