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How Can Humanitarian Analysis, Early Warning and Response Be Improved?
Aditya Sarkar
,
Benjamin J. Spatz
,
Alex de Waal
,
Christopher Newton
, and
Daniel Maxwell

cheap labour force, exploited by agrarian capitalists in Sudan ( Thomas, 2019 ), urban contractors in Somalia ( Jaspars and Majid, forthcoming 2022 ) and military recruiters everywhere. The displaced can also be a magnet to attract humanitarian aid (as in Somalia), allowing those who control access to the displaced populations to reap material rewards ( World Bank, 2021 : 114). (Lack of) Economic Reform and Macroeconomic Mismanagement

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Nazanin Zadeh-Cummings
and
Lauren Harris

increased their procurement capacities under sanctions ( Park and Walsh, 2016 ). This is demonstrative of the ‘double-edged’ sword of sanctions that appears in academic discourse. Other examples include the argument that the international sanctions regime restricts the DPRK’s ability to integrate into the world economy, but may also inhibit domestic economic reform ( Gray and Lee, 2017 ), and that while US sanctions have restricted DPRK economic growth, it is to the detriment of the North Korean people and their standard of living ( Kim, 2014 ). Scholarship has also

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
M. Anne Brown

China – in particular the climate of increasing economic expectation and uncertainty coupled with growing political openness and underlying dissension, within the leadership and the population, on the structure of the state and the nature and scope of political and economic reform. China’s leadership, certainly in the 1980s, was deeply divided. These divisions, however, were not solely a matter of generational cleavage and succession, or of the factionalism of court politics, although these elements were powerful enough. Rather, they were

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
Simone de Beauvoir and a Global Theory of Feminist Recognition
Monica Mookherjee

globalization. As transparent understanding between self and other might always be elusive, the aim must be to embrace this ambiguity, and to recognize that the empowerment of distant others is not only a matter of economic reforms or asserting a charter of rights. As Martha Nussbaum ( 1997 ) observes, the cosmopolitan desire to respond to common humanity must be combined with a concern

in Recognition and Global Politics
Thomas Robb

economic conference in Puerto Rico. As Berrill suggested, US officials were likely to respond with a ‘putting your house in order first’ attitude.20 In practice, this meant the extension of further credit would not be forthcoming until deeper cuts in Britain’s public expenditure occurred. Events soon demonstrated the accuracy of such advice. Stories throughout the newspaper media suggested that Arthur Burns would be particularly unwilling to offer Britain an extension of credit unless it involved the British government enacting serious economic reforms.21 At the Puerto

in A strained partnership?
The logics underpining EU enlargement
Helene Sjursen
and
Karen E. Smith

economic reforms, the fewer the difficulties to be faced by the Union and its member states. But the logic of appropriateness also fits here: the values that the CEEC must accept are quite specific to the EU (implementation of the acquis , adherence to EU objectives). In addition, the logic of moral justification is also present in the form of the political conditions (democracy, rule of law, human rights and protection of

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy
Geoffrey K. Roberts
and
Patricia Hogwood

and eventually helped to overthrow communist rule in these countries and in the Soviet Union itself. Gorbachev applied the perestroika principle to carry out institutional restructuring in the Soviet Union, but did not at first attempt a thorough economic reform. Economic policy remained heavily centralised and led by the 1986–90 Four Year Plan, and, in place of the anticipated upturn, the Soviet Union’s economic problems worsened

in The politics today companion to West European Politics
Meanings, Limits, Manifestations
Patrick Hayden
and
Kate Schick

. The central idea is that understanding Beauvoir's two moments of gender misrecognition as an interactive dialectic between equality as sameness and as diversity suggests a commitment to an unstable and unfinished world community, and a cosmopolitan account of care across national borders which transcends, without rejecting, more standard measures of universal rights or economic reform. Mookherjee

in Recognition and Global Politics
Open Access (free)
M. Anne Brown

. The killings and the devastation have meant a savage and threatening conclusion to Indonesian rule. Militias remain potentially dangerous across the border in West Timor. While now embarked on its own process of political and economic reform, Indonesia continues in a state of crisis. It may now be Indonesia that is the fragile and unpredictable neighbour – and it will remain in the interests and the convictions of some there, not least the militia leaders who have fled to Jakarta, to act to undermine the newly emerging state. Within Indonesia, responses to East

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
Open Access (free)
Geoffrey K. Roberts
and
Patricia Hogwood

service in 1969. Minister of the Environment 1974–79, she was deputy leader of the Labour Party 1975–81 and leader of the parliamentary party group 1981–92. In 1981, she became Norway’s first woman Prime Minister. During her first two periods in office, she introduced several controversial economic reforms to reduce Norway’s budget deficit. She became active internationally as a leading spokeswoman on the environment, the

in The politics today companion to West European Politics