John Marriott

superstition, or the effeminacy which a long career of despotism is sure to produce, the present Hindoos are the children of a degenerate age, and the veriest dwarfs, when compared with the heroes and the giants of which their history can boast, and who seemed to be more in keeping with the grandeur and magnificence of their country. 4

in The other empire
Open Access (free)
The use of character evidence in Victorian sodomy trials
H. G. Cocks

. In fact the principal evidence comprised the competing testimonies of the police and a few conveniently myopic bystanders. Neither were Campbell’s intentions judged by the nature of his attire. Effeminacy, which might have been inferred from his dress, was not considered an inevitable sign of homosexual desire.4 In fact, Campbell’s explanation of his clothing as a form of disguise was accepted without murmur by the court. In the absence of a clear description of the defendant’s actions or a recognised interpretation of his general demeanour, evidence of the

in Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000
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Linda Maynard

‘neurasthenia’ denoted nervous exhaustion. B. Shephard, A War of Nerves. Soldiers and Psychiatrists, 1914–1994 (London, 2000), pp. 9–10. 86 Francis, The Flyer , p. 107. 87 For a brief overview of contemporary medical opinion see J. Bourke, ‘Effeminacy, Ethnicity and the End of Trauma: The Sufferings of “Shell-Shocked” Men in Great Britain and Ireland, 1914–39’, Journal of Contemporary History , 35:1 (2000), p. 59; J. Meyer, ‘Separating the Men from the Boys. Masculinity and Maturity in Understandings of Shell Shock in Britain’, Twentieth Century British History

in Brothers in the Great War
Open Access (free)
John Marriott

themselves, – their physiognomy partakes neither of the intelligence of the Mahomedan nor the effeminacy of the Hindu. They have hard set features. The lips, particularly the upper, thick; a receding forehead, and a general unintellectual expression of countenance. The skin is very black. The hair in the head thick, with an approach to woolliness, offering, in

in The other empire
Open Access (free)
John Marriott

arrival; although I must acknowledge, that they were so far from being terrible in their appearance, that at first sight I believed them all to be women, from the effeminacy both of their persons and dress, the long white jemmers and turbands appear so truly feminine to strangers. But the almost stark-nakedness of the lowest class is still more disgusting. 48

in The other empire
John Marriott

selfishness’, and engenders in the character and manner of our times a ‘vain, luxurious, and selfish EFFEMINACY’. 57 And in a revealing passage, he politicizes the chain of being to suggest how corruption in high places leads to the dismantling of political order in the same way as ambition threatens the natural order: Thus the great chain

in The other empire