Since Hrothgar does apparently shed tears, Kristen Mills ‘re-examine[s] the farewell scene in light of other texts where the formula of a man falling on another's neck, kissing him, and weeping occurs’;
these parallels do not suggest ‘abnormality or effeminacy when men embrace, kiss, and weep during a reunion’.
This farewell is not a definitive moment of closure but leaves many questions open
of Monmouth I: Bern, Burgerbibliothek, MS 568, ed. Neil
Wright (Cambridge, 1985), pp. 128–9. Here Geoffrey explicitly links the
Greeks with femininity or effeminacy. Implicitly, chroniclers of the
Crusades often make this connection as well, frequently by citing the
Greek aversion to hand-to-hand battle.
This episode, in which Guy’s lion is killed by a Greek traitor, seems to
invert a historical event of the Crusade of 1101. According to Runciman,
the Crusaders killed Alexius I’s pet lion during their brief riot in Constantinople (History of the Crusades, vol. 2, p