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From the ‘militant’ to an ‘immunised’ route?
Ami Pedahzur

and the status of the ‘pro-democratic civil society’. Political parties From the institutional level of analysis, I look first at the paths chosen by the different states in response to extremist parties. However, before discussing the administrative and legal barriers imposed by democracies on extremist parties, another latent structural barrier, i.e. the electoral system – discussed in chapter 1 – should be clarified. The electoral system was not intended to block extremist parties from gaining representation. However

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence
The parliamentary arena
Ami Pedahzur

imposed on parties – structural restraints were also used. The electoral system designed at the end of Second World War clearly indicates a preference for the principle of stability over that of representation. The likelihood of small parties being able to penetrate the German Parliament is minimal, due to the required 5 per cent minimum threshold vote of all the valid ballots cast, or, alternatively, a mandatory victory in at least three of the electorate’s regions. A retrospective glance demonstrates that the combination of these stringent structural and

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence